Let our lakes receive as true names at least as the Icarian
Sea, where "still the shore" a "brave attempt resounds.
They surged to and fro like the waves of the Icarian
Sea, when the east and south winds break from heaven's clouds to lash them; or as when the west wind sweeps over a field of corn and the ears bow beneath the blast, even so were they swayed as they flew with loud cries towards the ships, and the dust from under their feet rose heavenward.
Many papers delivered at Point Loma concerned familiar groups from eastern sections: Fairhope, Alabama; Silkville, Kansas; Bishop Hill and Stelle, Illinois; Hancock, Massachusetts; New Harmony, Indiana; Economy, Pennsylvania; Icarians
in Texas and Illinois.
JENNINGS BEGINS his history of five utopian movements--the Shakers, the Owenites, the Fourierists, the Icarians
, and Oneida--from a position of sympathy.
were a typical utopian socialist commune founded in 1848 by the French refugee Etienne Cabet.
When the ruthless Clockwork Guild attacks the submarine, the two spies must work together in an attempt to save all that the Icarians
have worked so hard to create.
11) By the time the Icarians
had reached Texas in 1848, the large empresario contract system of land development was quickly becoming a thing of the past.
Ranciere also explores the experience of the Icarians
who, also in the 1830s, left for the US, trying to create a social community of equals on the premise of the equality of all working people.
Secular communities included New Harmony, the Icarians
, a number of anarchist communities, and various Fourierist experiments (Oved; Nordhoff; Hines).
However, it is more likely that those who became Icarians
were drawn to the movement by Cabet's newspaper, Le Populaire.
Although an amazing number of footloose utopians ended up in Young's Midwest, they came from all over elsewhere-refugee radicals from the failed revolutions of 1848 in France, Italy, Germany and the Austro- Hungarian Empire; Chartists from England; famine-fleeing Irish; gold rushers, communards and religious dissidents; Mormons and Icarians
, Perfectionists and Saint-Simonians, Millerites and Brisbaneites.
Shakers, Owenites, Fourierists, Icarians
, and Oneida Perfectionists all "labored under the very specific belief that small communistic societies could trigger a new and perfected existence across the entire globe" (11).