The sculptor Phidias was the primary designer, and Ictinus
and Callicrates were the primary builders.
IN THE ANNALS OF WESTERN art, "genius" has most often been ascribed to works exhibiting a high order of formal complexity as well as formal invention: the sculptures of Ictinus
and Michelangelo, the paintings of Raphael and Caravaggio, the cathedrals and churches of the medieval master builders and Sir Christopher Wren.
He aligned a string of (all male!) painters, sculptors, and architects from antiquity to the seventeenth century (and not beyond!) on either side of a central group comprising three seated ancients--the architect Ictinus
, the painter Apelles, and the sculptor Phidias--flanked by an allegory of Gothic art on the left and an allegory of the Renaissance on the right, while on the proscenium the genie des arts (in the plural) get ready to hand out wreaths of laurels to deserving students.
The famous citadel, which Strabo described as 'the sacred precinct of Athena, comprising both the old temple of Athena Polias, in which is the lamp that is never quenched, and the Parthenon built by Ictinus
, in which is the work in ivory by Pheidias, the Athena; stood imprisoned by medieval crenellated walls and guarded by belligerent rectangular towers.
Those in charge of my upbringing (the famous Pheidias, Ictinus
and Callicrates) took great pains that I grew properly.
Still the time honoured tests of Ictinus
and Callicrates came up trumps with five views of the Parthenon.
Given that modern information technologies have radically compressed our perception of historical time, it should come as no surprise that the disillusioned draftsmen of the '60s and '70s have become the modern-day equivalents of Ictinus
, Callicrates, and Phidias.
No, since you were going to ask, there's no Callicrates or Ictinus
which is just as well since this is about contemporary Edinburgh architecture and not the old stuff.
Retreating to the 'text search' page I forlornly attempted 'Callicrates' and then didn't bother with 'Ictinus