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Related to Idumeans: Edom, Idumaea, Idumæa


An ancient country of Palestine between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba. According to the Bible, the original inhabitants were descendants of Esau.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Peoples) a nomadic people descended from Esau
2. (Bible) the son of Esau, who was the supposed ancestor of this nation
3. (Bible) the ancient kingdom of this people, situated between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈi dəm)

an ancient country between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba, bordering ancient Palestine.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the land of Israel, he notes, conversion was not always a matter of choice: Under the Hasmonean kings, particularly Johann Hyrcanus (134-104 BCE), the Idumeans were forced to be circumcised and live like Judeans or leave the country.
During the period of the Second Commonwealth they become known as the Idumeans and were conquered and forcibly converted to Judaism by the Hasmonean rulers of the independent Israelite state, thereby introducing Idumeans into the Hasmonean inner circles, which led to the further corruption of the.
Epstein (ed.), 'Sifre Zutta Parashat Para', Tarbiz 1/1 (1929), 46-78 (70): folio 4 recto, line 17) makes the Idumeans disciples of the House of Shammai; cf.