Semmelweis

(redirected from Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis)
Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia.

Sem·mel·weis

 (zĕm′əl-vīs′), Ignaz Philipp Originally Ignác Fülöp Semmelweis. 1818-1865.
Hungarian physician who determined that puerperal fever in a maternity clinic in Vienna was spread by doctors and students who examined pregnant women directly after performing autopsies. The mortality rate dropped after he required staff members to disinfect their hands before examinations.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Semmelweis

(ˈsɛməlˌvaɪs)
n
(Biography) Ignaz Philipp. 1818–65, Hungarian obstetrician, who discovered the cause of puerperal infection and pioneered the use of antiseptics
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis thought cleanliness was important for physicians delivering babies, especially if they had just performed an autopsy.
As I write this I cannot help but think of the late Hungarian physician, Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis, who in the 1800s showed that the high rate of maternal deaths due to puerperal fever could be decreased with a simple change in practice: requiring physicians and other caregivers delivering babies to wash their hands before tending to the mothers.