ijtihad

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ijtihad

(ˌɪdʒtəˈhɑːd)
n
an attempt to derive a legal ruling from the Koran
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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Noun1.ijtihad - the endeavor of a Moslem scholar to derive a rule of divine law from the Koran and Hadith without relying on the views of other scholars; by the end of the 10th century theologians decided that debate on such matters would be closed and Muslim theology and law were frozen; "some reform-minded Islamic scholars believe that reopening ijtihad is a prerequisite for the survival of Islam"
interpretation - an explanation that results from interpreting something; "the report included his interpretation of the forensic evidence"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
WITH rapid and ever changing course of world, the need to recourse to Ijtehad has significantly increased.
She said that there is need of 'Ijtehad' in the field of education.
He said Islam allowed them to hold Ijtehad (broad-based consultations) on any matter.
It is only through early social learning and 'ijtehad' that the Muslims can emancipate themselves from those who have, over the past one thousand years, hijacked Islam and made it retrogressive to the extent that the knowledge gap between the Muslims and the West has continued to widen and cannot be easily bridged.
They said that in light of Iqbal's message the Muslim society should revitalise the vitality of 'Ijtehad' in this modern era which is badly needed to reconstruct our social order.
The deepening of the right to life and Quranic stress on forgiveness calls for ijtehad and a reconstruction of the thought.
We need centuries to understand the concept of Fikri Ijtehad. He was addressing at the one day international conference entitled Allama Iqbal Fikri aur Asri Tanazur, organized by Department of Urdu, University of Karachi held on Thursday, at KU's Arts Auditorium.
Iqbal also raises important questions regardingthe role of religion in matters of state, rejecting the authority of the clergy in 'ijtehad'.The task, he maintains,has to betaken by none other than the elected legislature.
Ijtehad / Ijtihad: Lit: effort, exertion, industry, diligence.
Each member must be a mujtahid--that is, a Shiite jurist who has studied enough to gain the right of ijtehad, the intellectual ability to interpret religious texts and have his own opinion on Islamic law (sharia).
The move was described as the first Ijtehad done by the collective wisdom as envisaged by Iqbal in the 1920s and 30s.
He is also of the opinion that ijtehad, should be utilized for the solution of modern day problems.