ijtihad

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ijtihad

(ˌɪdʒtəˈhɑːd)
n
an attempt to derive a legal ruling from the Koran
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Noun1.ijtihad - the endeavor of a Moslem scholar to derive a rule of divine law from the Koran and Hadith without relying on the views of other scholars; by the end of the 10th century theologians decided that debate on such matters would be closed and Muslim theology and law were frozen; "some reform-minded Islamic scholars believe that reopening ijtihad is a prerequisite for the survival of Islam"
interpretation - an explanation that results from interpreting something; "the report included his interpretation of the forensic evidence"
References in periodicals archive ?
For instance it ordains that we 'go for the best, nothing but the best'; It tells us not to borrow on interest as it is like waging war against Allah; It tells us to make Shoora compulsive which is consensus development in governing; It tells us of Masavat which is the applicability of laws across the board; It tells us about Ijtehad which forbids bigotry; It tells us that there is no compulsion in you adopting or practicing any set of beliefs, which allows us the exercise of free will.
The Prime Minister said Iqbal emphasized on following the Islamic traditions of Ijtehad, which could prove helpful in finding ways to restructure political, social and economic institutions of the country.
Ijtehad / Ijtihad: Lit: effort, exertion, industry, diligence.
Each member must be a mujtahid--that is, a Shiite jurist who has studied enough to gain the right of ijtehad, the intellectual ability to interpret religious texts and have his own opinion on Islamic law (sharia).
The move was described as the first Ijtehad done by the collective wisdom as envisaged by Iqbal in the 1920s and 30s.
xvii) Joint efforts, separately imp-lemented but coordinated, to curb religious obscurantism and orthodoxy and to vigorously pr-omote the principles of Ijtehad.
He is also of the opinion that ijtehad, should be utilized for the solution of modern day problems.
Lack of unified approach towards Ijtehad within clergy.
He said that there is a need to understand the message of great thinker and Philosopher in its true spirit for forging unity among various factions of the Muslim Societies and reactivate the Institute of Ijtehad to deal with the challenges of modern day societies as envisaged by Allama Muhammad Iqbal.
He said that there was a need to understand the message of great thinker and philosopher in its true spirit for forging unity among various factions of the Muslim societies and reactivate the institute of Ijtehad to deal with the challenges of modern day societies as envisaged by Allama Mohammad Iqbal.
In contrast, Sheikh Tusi the founder of Najaf seminary and the author of two books from four books of Shiite by the name of "Altahzib" and "Alestebsar", and Shahid Sani the author of "Sharhe Lemae", Mohagegh Helli, the author of the "Alshraye" and many other great jurisprudents of the duodenum religious believe that Ijtehad and the proficiency of the doctor and getting permission from the patient or his parent for his treatment doesn't have any effect on the responsibility of the doctor and the careful and proficient but non culprit doctor, even if has the acquittance from the patient is responsible for the losses that has brought to the patient.
To be fair to the Dar 'ulIfta, the problem lies with the fact that the doors of ijtehad (creative interpretation and application of teachings of Islam to changed circumstances) have been closed during the medieval period itself.