Illative sense

Also found in: Wikipedia.
(Metaph.) the faculty of the mind by which it apprehends the conditions and determines upon the correctness of inferences.

See also: Illative

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, published 1913 by G. & C. Merriam Co.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some try to escape these contingencies by fleeing to an unreal View from nowhere; others renounce traditional epistemic goals and embrace "irony, contingency, and play." Aquino draws on Newman's account of the illative sense to develop a third response, which he calls an "embodied particularism of informed judgment." This is the view that inquiry is constituted by regulative practices that form and transform epistemic agents, allowing them to move from their contingent "thick commitments" to "a more comprehensive understanding." According to this view, agents can partially transcend their contingent circumstances by undergoing a "maturation process ...
His is the ultimate deployment of what John Cardinal Newman called "the illative sense" [an epistemological tool allowing for the conversion of probabilities in favor of a conclusion, Ed.], and Russell Kirk referred to as "the sword of imagination." Working with limited sources, as the Soviet archives were then totally inaccessible to him, and relying heavily on his rhetorical wit, the author successfully conjured up a world almost precisely as it has independently emerged from my own painstaking research.
Here at the beginning of the Essay, the reader has not had enough of an argument to assent to these ideas; as yet, too few probabilities have converged upon the reader's mind for his "Illative Sense," his faculty of synthetic reasoning, (20) to allow assent.
These terms and others which follow in subsequent chapters (e.g., "certitude" and complex versus real assent, and the "Illative Sense") are not definitions or propositions as in a formally organized work like Netwton's Principia or Euclid's Elements.
He explains that as a Roman Catholic theologian Lonergan was well acquainted with Newman and that his systematic analysis of human consciousness and its cognitive activities derives in part from Newman's illative sense. Rule effectively uses Lonergan's "transcendental precepts" to illustrate their minds at work in this constant process of self-transcendence into an ultimate, dynamic state of loving God by allowing his readers to become vitally and personally engaged in the actual struggles that Coleridge and Newman had with their own consciences.
Rather, if Aristotle is correct in saying that rhetoric is "a faculty of observing in any given case and available means of persuasion," then rhetoric possesses an immediate and essential connection to Newman's exploration of real assents, conviction, and even the illative sense itself (1355b25).
But Kirk did not have an entirely negative view of intuition, for he found it to be a distinct part of what Cardinal Newman called the illative sense, "which," Kirk said, "we may vulgarly term the jigsaw-puzzle capabilities of the intellect, a multitude of little evidences falling into place gradually, so that in the end one discovers 'powerful and concurrent reasons' for belief, even though one cannot consciously trace the intricate process by which conviction was brought about.
The two last chapters of the book are a personal addition of Aquino giving a communal dimension to the illative sense and mapping how people ordinarily reach certitude by transmission of knowledge and by relying on the reason of others.
Newman's own experientially based theory of development, ultimately based on his concept of the illative sense, would be the paradigm for this new reading and explanation of the facts of doctrinal history.