Then it admitted to using the volatile chemical as an incendiary weapon
Washington, SANA -- Human Rights Watch strongly slammed the use of artillery-delivered white phosphorus by the US-led coalition in Raqqa province in Syria under the pretext of fighting ISIS, urging it not to use it as an incendiary weapon
to attack personnel or materiel in populated areas, even when delivered from the ground.
Papers disclosed by the National Archives show Margaret Thatcher was warned that "small quantities" of the "rare" ingredients used to make the incendiary weapon
had been bought from a north London chemist.
This is a history of napalm, the incendiary weapon
invented in a Harvard laboratory in 1942, used to incinerate far more people in Japanese cities than the atomic bombs that came after, and finally earning public notoriety in the United States for its use during the Vietnam War.
During Cast Lead operation the Israeli army used, for instance, white phosphorus as incendiary weapon
; however, given the wound and amputation anatomopathological features, the use of weapons other than conventional ones it is certain.
(12) To accomplish this recognizably difficult task, it is important to understand the difference between using white phosphorous as a smoke or signaling system versus as an incendiary weapon
. Whereas the traditional principles of the law of war (13) apply when white phosphorous is used as a non-incendiary, a more arduous legal standard, articulated in the Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Incendiary Weapons
(Protocol III) (14) of the Certain Conventional Weapons Treaty (CCW), (15) applies if used for incendiary purposes.
The 1980 Convention on Conventional Weapons prohibits use of the substance as an incendiary weapon
against civilian populations and in air attacks against military forces in civilian areas.
And US Colonel Barry Venable admitted to the BBC on 15 November 2005 that '[white phosphorous] was used as an incendiary weapon
against enemy combatants'.
Under a 1980 convention, it's classed as an incendiary weapon
and its use against civilians is banned.
The US has argued that the use of white phosphorus was lawful because it had been used as an incendiary weapon
, not chemical
Unlike Britain, the US is not a signatory to protocol III of the 1980 Convention on Conventional Weapons, which prohibits its use as an incendiary weapon
against civilians or in civilian areas.
Criterion 2 applies to exploding bullets, dum-dum bullets, and most incendiary weapons
. (113) Once again, SIrUS ignores the fact that in some cases, after balancing military necessity against unnecessary suffering or superfluous injury principles, the use of a incendiary weapon
, rather than a multitude of accepted conventional weapons, could actually save lives.