incumbent

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in·cum·bent

 (ĭn-kŭm′bənt)
adj.
1. Imposed as an obligation or duty; obligatory: felt it was incumbent on us all to help.
2. Lying, leaning, or resting on something else: incumbent rock strata.
3. Currently holding a specified office: the incumbent mayor.
n.
A person who holds an office or ecclesiastical benefice: The incumbent was reelected to another term.

[Middle English, holder of an office, from Medieval Latin incumbēns, incumbent-, from Latin, present participle of incumbere, to lean upon, apply oneself to : in-, on; see in-2 + -cumbere, to recline.]

in·cum′bent·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

incumbent

(ɪnˈkʌmbənt)
adj
1. formal (often: postpositive and foll by on or upon and an infinitive) morally binding or necessary; obligatory: it is incumbent on me to attend.
2. (usually: postpositive and foll by on) resting or lying (on)
n
(Ecclesiastical Terms) a person who holds an office, esp a clergyman holding a benefice
[C16: from Latin incumbere to lie upon, devote one's attention to, from in-2 + -cumbere, related to Latin cubāre to lie down]
inˈcumbently adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

in•cum•bent

(ɪnˈkʌm bənt)

adj.
1. currently holding an indicated office: the incumbent president.
2. obligatory: a duty incumbent upon me.
3. resting, lying, or pressing on something.
n.
4. the holder of an office or an ecclesiastical benefice.
[1375–1425; late Middle English (n.) < Latin incumbent-, s. of incumbēns, present participle of incumbere to lie or lean upon]
in•cum′bent•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.incumbent - the official who holds an office
holder - a person who holds something; "they held two hostages"; "he holds the trophy"; "she holds a United States passport"
office-bearer - the person who holds an office
functionary, official - a worker who holds or is invested with an office
Adj.1.incumbent - lying or leaning on something else; "an incumbent geological formation"
geology - a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
superjacent - lying immediately above or on something else
2.incumbent - necessary (for someone) as a duty or responsibility; morally binding; "it is incumbent on them to pay their own debts"
necessary - absolutely essential
3.incumbent - currently holding an office; "the incumbent governor"
current - occurring in or belonging to the present time; "current events"; "the current topic"; "current negotiations"; "current psychoanalytic theories"; "the ship's current position"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

incumbent

noun
1. holder, keeper, bearer, custodian The previous incumbent led the party for eleven years.
adjective (Formal)
1. obligatory, required, necessary, essential, binding, compulsory, mandatory, imperative It is incumbent upon all of us to make an extra effort.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
Translations

incumbent

[ɪnˈkʌmbənt]
A. ADJ (frm) to be incumbent on sb to do sthincumbir a algn hacer algo
I felt it incumbent upon me to gosentí que debía ir
B. Ntitular mf, poseedor(a) m/f (de un cargo o dignidad) (Rel) → beneficiado m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

incumbent

[ɪnˈkʌmbənt]
adj
it is incumbent on him to ... → il lui appartient de ...
it is incumbent upon us to ... → il nous appartient de ...
ntitulaire mf
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

incumbent

(form)
adj
to be incumbent upon somebodyjdm obliegen (form), → jds Pflicht sein (to do sth etw zu tun)
the incumbent mayorder amtierende Bürgermeister, die amtierende Bürgermeisterin
nAmtsinhaber(in) m(f); (Eccl) → Inhaber(in) m(f)einer Pfarrstelle
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

incumbent

[ɪnˈkʌmbənt] (frm)
1. adj it is incumbent on him to do it ...spetta a lui farlo...
2. n (gen) → titolare m/f (Rel) → beneficiato
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
It seems an appointment is imminent - although no specific successor to Jan Siewert has been named - with the club keen to make use of this international break to let the new incumbant work with the squad.
She said the incumbant governor will continue political, moral and diplomatic support of Kashmiried at every forum.
LAHORE -- Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) leader and former speaker of National Assembly, Ayaz Sadiq said on Sunday that the incumbant government was not only inexperienced but also incompetent, media reported.
The first round of voting proved damaging to incumbant lawmakers and established political groups who recorded major losses.
Potential entrants facing an incumbant with excessive capacity may not know if it is a short-run phenomenon that the market will resolve through its normal processes, a long-run problem that needs action to correct, or a strategic ploy.
He is very close to Kabila (as he was to his father) and is unlikely to threaten the incumbant's grip on power.
Talking about the developmental initiatives taken by the incumbant government, the minister said that former prime minister Nawaz Sharif had initiated China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) while the annual budget of Azad Jammu and Kashmir would be enhanced to Rs 22 billion from Rs 10 billion.
PESHAWAR -- The Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (K-P) police on Sunday launched an inquiry into the death of an 11-old-girl who worked in the house of an incumbant member of the provincial cabinet.