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1. A peninsula and subcontinent of southern Asia south of the Himalaya Mountains, occupied by India, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
2. A country of southern Asia covering most of the Indian subcontinent. Aryans from the northwest invaded c. 1500 bc, pushing Dravidian and other peoples to the south. Most of India was unified by the emperor Asoka in the 3rd century bc. It experienced a golden age in the 4th and 5th centuries ad before being invaded c. 1000 by Muslims and later by the Mongol conqueror Baber, who established the Mughal empire (1526-1857). Various European powers established trading posts in the 16th and 17th centuries, with the British East India Company assuming authority over most of the country by the early 19th century. A widespread rebellion sparked by the mutiny of native troops in 1857 led to the establishment of direct rule by the British crown in 1858. In the 20th century, India gained its independence from Great Britain (1947) following a campaign of civil disobedience led by the pacifist Mohandas Gandhi. Its concomitant partition into the separate countries of India and Pakistan resulted in a tumultuous migration of Muslims to Pakistan and Hindus and Sikhs to India in which approximately one million people died. New Delhi is the capital, and Mumbai is the largest city.
1. (Placename) a republic in S Asia: history dates from the Indus Valley civilization (3rd millennium bc); came under British supremacy in 1763 and passed to the British Crown in 1858; nationalist movement arose under Gandhi (1869–1948); Indian subcontinent divided into Pakistan (Muslim) and India (Hindu) in 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth in 1950. It consists chiefly of the Himalayas, rising over 7500 m (25 000 ft) in the extreme north, the Ganges plain in the north, the Thar Desert in the northwest, the Chota Nagpur plateau in the northeast, and the Deccan Plateau in the south. Official and administrative languages: Hindi and English; each state has its own language. Parts of the SE coast suffered badly in the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Religion: Hindu majority, Muslim minority. Currency: rupee. Capital: New Delhi. Pop: 1 220 800 359 (2013 est). Area: 3 268 100 sq km (1 261 813 sq miles). Hindi name: Bharat
2. (Communications & Information) communications a code word for the letter i
In•di•a(ˈɪn di ə)
1. a republic in S Asia: formerly a British colony; gained independence in 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations in 1950. 1,000,848,550; 1,246,880 sq. mi. (3,229,419 sq. km). Cap.: New Delhi.
2. a subcontinent in S Asia, S of the Himalayas, occupied by Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan.
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|Noun||1.||India - a republic in the Asian subcontinent in southern Asia; second most populous country in the world; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947|
Indian Mutiny, Sepoy Mutiny - discontent with British administration in India led to numerous mutinies in 1857 and 1858; the revolt was put down after several battles and sieges (notably the siege at Lucknow)
Lucknow - the British residents of Lucknow were besieged by Indian insurgents during the Indian Mutiny (1857)
battle of Panipat, Panipat - battle in which the ruler of Afghanistan defeated the Mahrattas in 1761
battle of Plassey, Plassey - the victory in 1757 by the British under Clive over Siraj-ud-daula that established British supremacy over Bengal
godown - (in India and Malaysia) a warehouse
mulligatawny - a soup of eastern India that is flavored with curry; prepared with a meat or chicken base
al-Ummah - a terrorist group formed in India in 1992; is believed to be responsible for bombings in southern India in 1998
Movement for Revenge, Tareekh e Kasas - an organization of Muslims in India who killed Hindus in September 2002; believed to have ties with Muslim terrorists in Pakistan
British Commonwealth, Commonwealth of Nations - an association of nations consisting of the United Kingdom and several former British colonies that are now sovereign states but still pay allegiance to the British Crown
OPEC, Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries - an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
National Volunteers Association, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh - an all-male organization begun in 1925 to foster nationalism in India's Hindus
Mogul empire - an empire established by the Mogul conquerors of India that reigned from 1526 to 1857
ashram - (India) a place of religious retreat for Hindus
British Empire - a former empire consisting of Great Britain and all the territories under its control; reached its greatest extent at the end of World War I; it included the British Isles, British West Indies, Canada, British Guiana; British West Africa, British East Africa, India, Australia, New Zealand; "the sun never sets on the British Empire"
Assam - state in northeastern India
Manipur - state in northeastern India
Hindustan - northern region of India where Hinduism predominates
Sikkim - a geographical area and former kingdom in northeastern India in the Himalaya Mountains between Nepal and Bhutan
Punjab - a historical region on northwestern India and northern Pakistan
Bangalore - an industrial city in south central India (west of Chennai)
Calcutta, Kolkata - the largest city in India and one of the largest cities in the world; located in eastern India; suffers from poverty and overcrowding
Bombay, Mumbai - a city in western India just off the coast of the Arabian Sea; India's 2nd largest city (after Calcutta); has the only natural deep-water harbor in western India
Agra - a city in northern India; former capital of the Mogul empire; site of the Taj Mahal
Hyderabad - a city in south central India in Andhra Pradesh
Lucknow - a city in northern India in Uttar Pradesh; during the Indian Mutiny its British residents were besieged by Indian insurgents
Mysore - a city in southern India to the southwest of Bangalore
Salem - a city in southern India
Andhra Pradesh - a state of southeastern India on the Bay of Bengal
Bihar - a state of northeastern India
Goa - a state of southwestern India; a former Portuguese colony
Madras, Tamil Nadu - a state in southeastern India on the Bay of Bengal (south of Andhra Pradesh); formerly Madras
Uttar Pradesh - a state in northern India
Gujarat, Gujerat - a region of western India to the north of Bombay (bordering the Arabian Sea) where Gujarati is spoken
Maharashtra - a historical area in west-central India
Orissa - state in eastern India on the Bay of Bengal
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