We use an indicator variable
(Latin Col) to specify a colony as "Latin" if the colonizer-country speaks a Latin-based language (e.g., Spanish, Portuguese, or French).
In our tests, we use a bad (good) earnings news indicator variable
for the lowest (highest) F[E.sub.iq] quintile every fiscal quarter, which we call as FE1 (FE5).
Specifically, we use an indicator variable
On Tribal Land equal to one when the Census block where an individual resides lies on tribal land (reservation or off-reservation trust land) and zero otherwise.
([dagger]) Income is total household income in previous 30 d; low income is an indicator variable
for below the 50th percentile of income.
(Retweets come in at an average of 1.23 per team per second.) In the middle panel of Table 1, we also summarize an indicator variable
, equalling 1 if there was at least one Tweet for that team in that second, and 0 otherwise.
Non-veteran is an indicator variable
equal to one if the respondent is not a veteran.
I implement this model using ordinary least squares (OLS), regressing the year-over-year changes in capex on a series of indicator variables
. For example, the indicator variable
[NonEnergy.sub.i,t.] (down) is equal to 1 for observations from the non-energy sector when the year-over-year change in energy capex is negative and 0 otherwise.
However for the sake of simplicity, the rotated component loading matrix is shown in table 6In order to check which indicator variable
load on which component, a criterion of component loadings greater than 0.5 is employed (Hair et al., 2010).
The first dependent variable used to test for myopic investment behavior is an indicator variable
that equals one if a firm reduces investment expenditure over the previous year, and zero otherwise.
In this study there are five indicator exogenous variables, one latent exogenous variable, and one endogenous indicator variable
. The latent exogenous variable is a function of the three exogenous indicator variables
The leadership orientation is the most powerful indicator variable
to measure innovation.
Hence an indicator variable
for Title II programs is utilized in the econometric analysis.