In "Angels and Fairies," Snyder points out that Whewell knew enough about the sciences of his day to write the three-volume History of the Inductive Sciences
, the first systematic account of how sciences rose from their earliest beginnings, as well as the two-volume Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences
, which articulated the theory of induction he developed during his studies of the sciences.
History of the inductive sciences
from the earliest to the present time.
Whewell developed isotidal charts as well as tables to present his findings and wrote two important treatises on the inductive sciences
. Among the calculators were John Foss Dessieu, of the Hydrographic Office, whose achievements and trials are detailed in chapter three, and Thomas Gamlen Bunt, of Bristol, who was also a surveyor and inventor of a self-recording tidal gauge, which showed continuous rather than periodic tidal heights.
Whewell's own History of the Inductive Sciences
(3 volumes, London, 1837) presented a synthetic and historical/philosophical study of science up until the third decade of the nineteenth century.
I refer to William Whewell (pronounced "Hule"), author of the three-volume History of the Inductive Sciences
(1837), which he followed some three years later with the two-volume Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences
It is more than a century and a half since a similar work was published, William Whewell's great synoptic work The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences
. Wallace's plot is not unlike Whewell's, in that the philosophy of nature each develops is worked in specific applications to the sciences of the day.
Whewell sought to do that in his second masterpiece, The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences.(25)
'Between Rationalism and Romanticism: Whewell's Historiography of the Inductive Sciences', discusses the problems which led Whewell to write his history (the desire to test his theory of induction, to combat 'rationalist, positivist, utilitarian doctrines', to account for progres and the present state of science, and to defend the wave theory of light) and places him between 'rationalist' and 'romantic' alternatives.
If we are ever to be taken seriously as scientists we would be well advised to proceed with this task as most practitioners of other inductive sciences have proceeded--by taking a hard look at the world around us in a serious effort to lend intellectual order to the "chaos" that strikes our eyes at first sight.
Inductive sciences deal with plausible inference, not with demonstrative reasoning |39, v~.
In his remarkable History of the Inductive Sciences
, to choose a single example of the dramatization and metaphorization of this ideal of self-forgetting, William Whewell describes Newton in this way:
Assuredly religion and politics were not insulated spheres, and the uncertain lines between science and technology and between scientific ideas and utilitarian science, ensured that Whewell's chosen role of critic of science had, directly and indirectly, wider ramifications than the titles and indeed the content of his great works on the history and the philosophy of the inductive sciences
might otherwise indicate.