inessive

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in·es·sive

 (ĭn′ĕs′ĭv)
adj.
Of, relating to, or being the grammatical case indicating placement within a location in some languages, as in Finnish Helsinkissä, "in Helsinki."
n.
1. The inessive case.
2. A word or form in the inessive case.

inessive

(ɪnˈɛsɪv)
adj
(Linguistics) (in the grammar of Finnish and related languages) denoting a case of nouns, etc, used when indicating the location of the referent
n
(Linguistics) the inessive case
[C20: from Latin inesse to be in]
Translations
inessiivinen
References in periodicals archive ?
(2) In Permic, there is no essive case, but the instrumental case, and partly also the inessive case, can express this function, e.g.
sand-IN-ESS many stone-PL be 'There are a lot of stones in the sand.' The choice between the interessive and inessive case in (2) is not dependent on the type of ground (which would be the case in the classifying strategy), but is used for a subtle meaning distinction.
Finnish, the only non-Indo-European language in this list, makes the distinction entirely through case marking on the noun, kaupunki 'town' with the inessive case suffix -ssa for 'being in' and the illative -in for 'moving into'.