spasm(redirected from Infantile spasms)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
1. A sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles.
2. A sudden burst of energy, activity, or emotion.
[Middle English spasme, from Old French, from Latin spasmus, from Greek spasmos, from spān, to pull.]
1. (Pathology) an involuntary muscular contraction, esp one resulting in cramp or convulsion
2. a sudden burst of activity, emotion, etc
[C14: from Latin spasmus, from Greek spasmos a cramp, from span to tear]
1. a sudden, abnormal, involuntary muscular contraction, consisting of a continued muscular contraction or of a series of alternating muscular contractions and relaxations.
2. any sudden, brief spell of great energy, activity, feeling, etc.
[1350–1400; < Latin spasmus < Greek spasmós derivative of spân to draw a sword]
A sudden, involuntary contraction of the muscle lasting a short time.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||spasm - a painful and involuntary muscular contraction|
symptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
charley horse, charley-horse - a muscular cramp (especially in the thigh or calf) following vigorous exercise
graphospasm, writer's cramp - muscular spasms of thumb and forefinger while writing with a pen or pencil
blepharospasm - spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
crick, kink, rick, wrick - a painful muscle spasm especially in the neck or back (`rick' and `wrick' are British)
myoclonus - a clonic spasm of a muscle or muscle group
opisthotonos - severe spasm in which the back arches and the head bends back and heels flex toward the back
twitch, twitching, vellication - a sudden muscle spasm; especially one caused by a nervous condition
tenesmus - painful spasm of the anal sphincter along with an urgent desire to defecate without the significant production of feces; associated with irritable bowel syndrome
trismus - prolonged spasm of the jaw muscles
|2.||spasm - (pathology) sudden constriction of a hollow organ (as a blood vessel)|
bronchospasm - a spasm of the bronchi that makes exhalation difficult and noisy; associated with asthma and bronchitis
cardiospasm - a spasm of the cardiac sphincter (between the esophagus and the stomach); if the cardiac sphincter does not relax during swallowing the passage of food into the stomach is obstructed
laryngismus - laryngeal spasm caused by the sudden contraction of laryngeal muscles
constriction - the action or process of compressing
pathology - the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases
sự co thắt
a sudden uncontrollable jerking of the muscles. A spasm of pain twisted his face for a moment. spasma تَشَنُّج спазъм espasmo křeč der Krampf krampe σπασμόςespasmo kramp انقباض عضلاني kouristus spasmeעווית ऐंठन grč, napad görcs sentakan krampi spasmo けいれん 경련 spazmas spazma kekejangan otot krampkrampe, smerteanfallskurcz, spazm د عضلاتو انقباض espasmo spasm спазм; судорога kŕč krč grč spasm, kramp, ryckning การชักกระตุกของกล้ามเนื้อ spazm, kasılma 痙攣 спазм, судома تشنّج، اینٹھن sự co thắt 痉挛
spasm→ تَشَنُّج křeč spasme Krampf σπασμός espasmo kouristus spasme grč spasmo 痙攣 경련 kramp krampe skurcz espasmo спазм kramp การชักกระตุกของกล้ามเนื้อ kramp sự co thắt 痉挛
n. espasmo, convulsión, contracción muscular involuntaria.