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also jiz·yah  (jēz′yə)
Under traditional shari'a law, a poll tax levied on non-Muslim subjects of an Islamic state.

[Arabic jizya, from Syriac gzitā, poll tax, from emphatic state of gazyā, feminine of gzē, paid, passive participle of gzā, to pay; akin to Arabic jazā, to repay, give recompense, and Sabaean gzyt, award, commendation (sense uncertain).]