influenza(redirected from Influenza (Flu))
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
1. An acute contagious viral infection of humans, characterized by inflammation of the respiratory tract and by fever, chills, muscular pain, and prostration. Also called grippe.
2. Any of various viral infections of domestic or wild animals, generally characterized by fever and respiratory involvement.
[Italian, from Medieval Latin īnfluentia, influence (so called apparently from the belief that epidemics were due to the influence of the stars); see influence.]
(Pathology) a highly contagious and often epidemic viral disease characterized by fever, prostration, muscular aches and pains, and inflammation of the respiratory passages. Also called: grippe or flu
[C18: from Italian, literally: influence, hence, incursion, epidemic (first applied to influenza in 1743)]
in•flu•en•za(ˌɪn fluˈɛn zə)
1. an acute, commonly epidemic disease occurring in several forms, caused by numerous rapidly mutating viral strains and characterized by respiratory symptoms and general prostration.
2. any of various acute, contagious viral infections of domestic animals that affect the respiratory tract.
[1735–45; < Italian < Medieval Latin influentia influence]
A contagious disease caused by a virus that is characterized by fever, inflammation of the airways, and muscle pain. It commonly occurs in epidemics, one of which killed 20 million people between 1917 and 1919.
Word History Since ancient times, influenza has periodically swept the world. In just a few years during the early 1900s, 20 million people worldwide died from influenza, which we commonly call the flu. Until recently, people could not tell how this illness could spread so widely. Before people knew that organisms cause disease, they thought the stars influenced the spread of influenza. The name for this illness, in fact, reflects that belief. Influenza comes eventually from the Latin word influentia, meaning "influence of the stars." Today, however, the stars are no longer blamed for the flu. Modern medicine has found that inhaling certain viruses, called influenza viruses, causes the spread of this illness.
A viral infection that is much like a severe cold, but may also infect the throat and ears and can be fatal in the weak or elderly. Also called flu.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||influenza - an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease|
swine flu, swine influenza - an acute and highly contagious respiratory disease of swine caused by the orthomyxovirus thought to be the same virus that caused the 1918 influenza pandemic
influenza[ˌɪnflʊˈenzə] N → gripe f
n → Grippe f
influenza[ˌɪnfluˈɛnzə] n (Med) → influenza
influenza(influˈenzə) (usually abbreviated to fluor 'flu (fluː) ) noun
a type of infectious illness usually causing headache, fever, a cold etc. griep إنفلونزا، نَزْلَه грип gripe chřipka die Grippe influenza γρίπηgripe gripp آنفلونزا influenssa grippeשפעת भारी नजला gripa influenza selesma inflúensa, flensa influenza インフルエンザ 유행성 감기 gripas gripa demam selesema griepinfluensagrypa آنفلانزا gripe gripă грипп chrípka gripa grip influensa โรคไข้หวัดใหญ่ grip, influanza 流行性感冒 інфлюенца, грип متعدی وائرس سے پھیلنے والا نزلہ ، بخار bệnh cúm 流行性感冒
influenza→ إَنْفِلْوَنْزَا chřipka influenza Grippe γρίπη gripe influenssa grippe gripa influenza インフルエンザ 인플루엔자 influenza influensa grypa gripe грипп influensa ไข้หวัดใหญ่ grip bệnh cúm 流感
n. influenza, infección viral aguda del tracto respiratorio.