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1. The act or an instance of refusing.
2. The opportunity or right to accept or reject something before it is offered elsewhere.


1. the act or an instance of refusing
2. the opportunity to reject or accept; option


(rɪˈfyu zəl)

1. an act or instance of refusing.
2. priority in refusing or taking something; option.



(See also REJECTION.)

no dice No, no way, nothing doing, absolutely not; a negative response or result. Although many tales surround the derivation of this expression, it is likely that since dice often implies luck, no dice simply implies no luck.

I was around at her bank this morning trying to find out what her balance was, but no dice. Fanny won’t part. (P. G. Wodehouse, Barmy in Wonderland, 1952)

no soap No; usually said in refusal or rejection. The origin of this expression is unknown, but it may have been originally used to refuse a bribe, since a slang meaning of soap is ‘bribe money.’

If you don’t know, just say, “No soap.” (Marks, Plastic Age, 1924)

thumbs down Disapproval, disapprobation, rejection. This expression refers to making a fist and extending the thumb downward, a gesture which, in the days of gladiatorial combats in ancient Rome, indicated that the spectators thought a defeated gladiator had fought poorly and, as a result, should be slain by the victor. The expression is commonly used figuratively as evidenced in a quote from bacteriologist Paul de Kruif (1890–1971), cited in Webster’s Third:

The government thumbs-down on penicillin for [treating] endocarditis was published.

See also thumbs up, APPROVAL.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.refusal - the act of refusingrefusal - the act of refusing      
denial - the act of refusing to comply (as with a request); "it resulted in a complete denial of his privileges"
repudiation - refusal to acknowledge or pay a debt or honor a contract (especially by public authorities); "the repudiation of the debt by the city"
prohibition - refusal to approve or assent to
2.refusal - a message refusing to accept something that is offered
subject matter, content, message, substance - what a communication that is about something is about
regrets, declination - a polite refusal of an invitation


noun rejection, denial, defiance, rebuff, knock-back (slang), thumbs down, repudiation, kick in the teeth (slang), negation, no a refusal of planning permission
first refusal option, choice, opportunity, consideration A tenant may have a right of first refusal if a property is offered for sale.


1. A negative response:
2. A turning down of a request:
synjun, neitun
kabul etmemeredret
sự từ chối


[rɪˈfjuːzəl] N
1.negativa f
she brushed aside my refusalshizo caso omiso de mis negativas
he didn't take her refusal seriouslyno tomó en serio su negativa
he was shot for his refusal to obey orderslo mataron de un tiro por negarse a obedecer órdenes
I'm giving you/you have first refusal (on the house)le daré/tendrá prioridad en la compra (de la casa)
a flat refusaluna negativa rotunda
her request met with a flat refusalsu solicitud fue rechazada de plano
2. [of application] → denegación f
3. (by horse) the horse had two refusalsel caballo se plantó dos veces


[rɪˈfjuːzəl] n
(= negative reply) → refus m
sb's refusal to do sth → le refus de qn de faire qch
(= option) to have first refusal on sth → avoir droit de préemption sur qch
to give sb first refusal → donner à qn un droit de préemption


Ablehnung f; (of offer)Ablehnung f, → Zurückweisung f; (of food, permission, visa, permit)Verweigerung f; (to do sth) → Weigerung f; her refusal (of the invitation)ihre Absage; to meet with a refusal, to get a refusaleine Absage erhalten; to give (somebody) a flat refusaljdm eine glatte Absage erteilen; to give somebody first refusal of somethingjdm etw zuerst or als Erstem anbieten; (with purchase) → jdm das Vorkaufsrecht an etw (dat)einräumen; to have (the) first refusal of somethingetw als Erster angeboten bekommen; right of first refusalVorkaufsrecht nt
(Showjumping) → Verweigerung f


[rɪˈfjuːzl] n refusal (to do)rifiuto (di or a fare)
to have first refusal on sth → avere il diritto d'opzione su qc


(rəˈfjuːz) verb
1. not to do what one has been asked, told or is expected to do. He refused to help me; She refused to believe what I said; When I asked him to leave, he refused.
2. not to accept. He refused my offer of help; They refused our invitation; She refused the money.
3. not to give (permission etc). I was refused admittance to the meeting.
reˈfusal noun
I was surprised at his refusal to help me; When we sent out the wedding invitations, we had several refusals.


رَفْض odmítnutí afslag Ablehnung άρνηση negativa kieltäytyminen refus odbijanje rifiuto 拒否 거절 weigering avslag odmowa recusa отказ vägran การปฏิเสธ ret sự từ chối 拒绝


n. rechazo, negación.
References in periodicals archive ?
The right to physical integrity and informed refusal: Just how far does a patient's right to refuse medical treatment go?
In some instances, it may be appropriate to have them sign an informed refusal document.
Pediatricians should also document that parents have received a vaccine information sheet at each relevant visit and ensure that parents sign appropriate and unaltered "informed refusal" forms, preferably the AAP's Refusal to Vaccinate form, each time vaccination is refused, said Dr.
She should receive accurate and up-to-date information about the benefits of all procedures, drugs, birth and the postpartum period, with the right to informed consent and informed refusal. The mother should receive support for making informed choices about what is best for her and her baby based on her individual values and beliefs.
It may be necessary to explain the implications more than once before testing the child's understanding in order to avoid making a hasty determination of the child's ability to give an informed refusal of consent.
Informed consent and informed refusal need to be addressed when discussing hereditary risk assessments.
That means that every five years or so, while we are hale and hearty, we could discuss it with our loved ones, make an informed refusal or make sure that, if we go, they have the good feeling that they are carrying out our wishes.
is now widely cited, and obstetricians have adopted informed refusal and respect for autonomy as core ethical principles.
The logical and judicially recognized principle converse to informed consent might well be called "informed refusal" and the entire subject regarded as "informed decision-making." While an in-depth examination of informed refusal is beyond the scope of this article, it must be pointed out that informed consent and informed refusal should be regarded as two sides of the same coin.
An "Informed Refusal of Care" sheet should be used in the same manner as "Informed Consent for Care." It can properly educate the uninformed or misinformed patient, and spark a discussion with the well-informed patient regarding the nature of their choice.