The authors suggested that the apparent inverse difference in CE (i.e., smaller particles being captured at a higher efficiency than larger particles) is a result of one or more of the following confounding factors; (1) instrument artifacts that can arise as a result of the way in which laser and electronic particle counters calculate equivalent spherical diameter to estimate particle size; (2) disaggregation of flocculent material collected from control chambers; (3) postcapture escape of highly motile microalgal cells from the infrabranchial
cavity; (4) qualitative factors of the particles that could affect capture; or (5) mathematical happenstance of calculating CE on particle size classes that contain widely different numbers of particles.
At the end of each experiment, hemolymph was sampled from the infrabranchial
sinus at the base of the walking legs using a 22-ga needle and 1-ml syringe, transferred to a 1,5-ml centrifuge tube, and stored at -20[degrees]C for analysis of osmotic concentrations.
Subsequently, hemolymph was sampled from the infrabranchial
sinus, with a 23-gauge needle and 1-ml syringe, and used for three health evaluations: presence of bacterial infections, counts of circulating hemocyte, and levels of hemocyanin.
Female oysters brooded larvae at the early veliger stage (115-135 [micro]m) in the infrabranchial
The gill basket temporarily divided the pallial cavity into suprabranchial and infrabranchial
(1992), effective suspension feeding in Patinopecten yessoensis starts one week after metamorphosis at a size of 400 [micro]m, when the supra-and infrabranchial
chambers are formed.
After 30 min, about 0.5 ml of hemolymph was sampled from both the infrabranchial
sinus, and the pericardium without removing the crab from the water and with minimal disturbance to the crab.
1b), allowing the flow of water from the infrabranchial
to the suprabranchial chambers.
For example, injecting pathogens into the infrabranchial
sinus, which supplies hemolymph to one or more gills, may bias the observed role of the gill in pathogen clearance.
Larvae are maintained inside the infrabranchial
chamber of the female.
The ctenidia are connected to the visceral mass dorsally at the efferent branchial vein and ventrally at the afferent branchial vein, forming an arc that separates the mantle cavity into suprabranchial and infrabranchial
Blood was taken from the infrabranchial
sinuses into a hypodermic syringe and allowed to clot in a tissue grinder.