, a Dutch biologist, helped us understand this amazing natural phenomenon and was honored recently with a Google Doodle.
The process of plants converting water and carbon dioxide into sugar and oxygen, using light as a catalyst, was first discovered by Dutch scientist Jan Ingenhousz
Though he was not attached to the imperial court, he moved in the highest circles and knew people such as Jan Ingenhousz
(a personal physician of Maria Theresia), Nikolas, baron von Jacquin (professor of chemistry and botany, and director of the gardens of the Schonbrunn Palace), Anton von Storck (first personal physician of Maria Theresia and director of the General Hospital), and Thomas Closett and Matthias von Sallaba (both physicians of Mozart).
(280) During the following months other lawyers from Sullivan & Cromwell had some involvement with Maples's case, (281) but none sought to become attorneys of record for Maples or to tell the court of Munanka's and IngenHousz
, among others, noticed that the well water left in sunlight also generates a green scum.
With me I had electrometers mounted in straw, pith-balls and gold leaf, as well as a small Leyden jar that could be charged by rubbing, following Ingenhousz
's method, which I used for physiological tests.
This initiative is named Project Ingenhousz
, after the eighteenth-century physician who discovered that light is needed for oxygen evolution by plants and that only the green parts of the plant carry out this process.
In 1779 a Dutch physician, Jan Ingenhousz
(1730-1799), repeated the experiments and confirmed Priestley's findings.
But Madison went further by citing the latest science of the day, including Humphrey Davy on agricultural chemistry, Joseph Priestley on oxygen, and even Jan Ingenhousz
on plant respiration.