(15) Michaela Pohl, "'It Cannot Be That Our Graves Will Be Here': The Survival of Chechen and Ingush
Deportees in Kazakhstan, 1944-1957," Journal of Genocide Research 4, 3 (2002): 401-30.
The entire Chechen, Ingush
, Kalmyk, Balkar, Karachai, Meskhetian Turk, and Crimean Tatar populations, as well as generations of Russian Poles, Germans, and Koreans, soon found themselves here, unwelcome, considered suspicious individuals or traitors unworthy of the limited available resources, and thus were reduced to a life of wretched conditions (Martin 1998).
Alphabetically listed, they are Bagri, Batak Toba, Bench, Bhili, Capiznon, Chavacano, Eastern Min, Fiji Hindi, Ge'ez, Gurani, Ingush
, Karachay, Khorasani Turkic, Kipsigis, Maharashtrian Konkani, Lezgian, Mizo, Maguindanao, Malay (Brunei), Maranao, Southern Min, Northern Sami, Qashqa'i, Rinconada Bikol, Surjapuri, Tausug, Upper Saxon, and Vasavi.
Born in the Chechen capital of Grozny, he creates work that not only revisits the devastation of the recent conflicts, but also traces them back to their roots in the forced migration of the Chechen and Ingush
peoples to other parts of the USSR in the 1940s, purportedly the largest and most brutal deportation in Soviet history.
Official sources state 100 Ingush
are believed to have entered Syria as militants, with another 175 from the republic of Kabardino-Balkaria.
In the middle of World War II, in February 1943, the Politburo mooted the idea of mass deportation of Chechens and Ingush
to Kazakhstan as a punishment for their war crimes, as it was said.
An ardent supporter of missionary activities of the Greco-Russian faith, (21) he wrote to Prince Golitsyn in 1822: "I deported Scottish missionary Blair who lived among the Ingush
and behaved suspiciously." The Russian general disapproved of the Edinburgh Missionary Society and pointed out in the same letter: "When educating young men they teach them the language of their fatherland and do not try hard enough to make them good Russian subjects ...
He condemned Stalin for irrationally deporting entire nationality groups (e.g., the Karachay, Kalmyk, Chechen, Ingush
, and Balkar peoples) from their homelands during the war and, after the war, for purging major political leaders in Leningrad (1948-50; and in Georgia (1952).
Nizar bin Obaid Madani; and a number of Saudi and Ingush
The Japanese noisemongers unleashed an Ingush
racket that was impossible to ignore.
The armed Chechen and Ingush
Islamists who took 777 Ossetian primary-school children hostage in September 2004 would seem a more fitting object for the correspondent's scorn than the authorities who tried to thwart them.