Pope Innocent IV
in 1247 fought the rumors that Jews ate the heart of a child, stating it is nothing but a lie used to torture Jews and steal their property.
HAPPENED ON THIS DAY 1252: Pope Innocent IV
issued a papal bull authorising and setting limits to the use of torture on suspected heretics by the Inquisition.
Of particular note is the new light Mooney sheds (Chapter 7) on one of the most puzzling episodes in the Clarist story, namely, Innocent IV
's ill-fated forma vitae that he intended should sweep away the confusion abounding from numerous dispensations granted to the rule by his predecessor, Gregory IX.
In "The Crusade against al-Azraq: A Thirteenth-Century Mudejar Revolt in International Perspective," supplemented by "A Lost Crusade: Unpublished Bulls of Innocent IV
on al-Azraq's Revolt in Thirteenth-Century Spain," he fills in the lacunae regarding this insurgency and its repercussions.
Convinced by Jewish leaders that such condemnation violated the principles of Christianity, however, Pope Innocent IV
overturned the jury's findings.
(As Pope Innocent IV
sagely remarked back in the 13th century, people whom the public deem holy might in private be living less than edifying lives.
(30) The relaxations on absolute poverty repeatedly introduced by Cardinal Hugolino's (1218-1219) and by Innocent IV
's (1245-1247) rule for the Poor Clares (31) determined St.
Writing at roughly the same time as Hostienis, his fellow canonist Sinibaldo de Fiesco (circa 1180-1254), better known as Pope Innocent IV
, wrote an important decretal gloss, "On the Restitution of Spoils" (45) that articulated a new technical definition of war.
In April 1245, after an inquiry, Pope Innocent IV
reversed his decision to recognise the prince as his vassal.
Dafydd ap Llywelyn created continental alliances - with King Louis IX of France and with Pope Innocent IV
- which, at one time, looked like confirming Wales' independence as a state under the Pope's protection.
In a letter dated 1246 from Grand Khan Guyuk to Pope Innocent IV
, Genghis Khan's grandson orders the pontiff to travel to central Asia in person - with all of his "kings" in tow - to "pay service and homage to us" as an act of "submission", threatening that otherwise: "you shall be our enemy".
Until an official of Duke Swietopelk came riding by, and heard the prisoner chanting Latin psalms, then returned to the village with an escort and freed Bishop Sedenza, who ten years earlier had sailed as a legate of Pope Innocent IV
to the Danish king Eric, and during a storm had ended up in Hel, in other words in hell.