interferon

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in·ter·fer·on

 (ĭn′tər-fîr′ŏn′)
n.
1. Any of a group of glycoproteins that are produced by different cell types in response to various stimuli, such as exposure to a virus, bacterium, parasite, or other antigen, and that inhibit infection through mechanisms such as preventing viral replication or regulating the immune system.
2. Any of a group of synthetic glycoproteins that are structurally similar to these compounds and are used therapeutically, especially as antivirals.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

interferon

(ˌɪntəˈfɪərɒn)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem any of a family of proteins made by cells in response to virus infection that prevent the growth of the virus. Some interferons can prevent cell growth and have been tested for use in cancer therapy
[C20: from interfere + -on]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

in•ter•fer•on

(ˌɪn tərˈfɪər ɒn)

n.
any of various proteins, produced by virus-infected cells, that inhibit reproduction of the invading virus and induce resistance to further infection.
[1957; interfere + -on1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

in·ter·fer·on

(ĭn′tər-fîr′ŏn′)
Any of a group of proteins that are produced by animal cells in response to infection by a virus and that, in many cases, prevent replication of the virus. Some interferons trigger an immune response in the body. They have been investigated as treatment for many diseases, including certain cancers.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

interferon

Immune system proteins that help to protect cells against attack by some kinds of viruses.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.interferon - an antiviral protein produced by cells that have been invaded by a virus; inhibits replication of the virus
alpha-interferon - a form of interferon that is produced endogenously and commercially for its pharmacological effects (including regulation of the immune system and antiviral and antineoplastic effects)
antiviral, antiviral agent, antiviral drug - any drug that destroys viruses
beta-interferon - a form of interferon that is produced by fibroblasts and have antiviral effects; used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis
gamma-interferon - a form of interferon that is produced by T cells and macrophages; involved in the activation of phagocytes
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

interferon

[ˌɪntəˈfɪərɒn] Ninterferón m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

interferon

n (Chem) → Interferon nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

in·ter·fer·on

n. interferón, proteína natural liberada por células expuestas a la acción del virus que se usa en el tratamiento de infecciones y neoplasmas.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

interferon

n interferón m; alpha (beta, etc.) interferon interferón alfa (beta, etc.); pegylated — interferón pegilado
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Data highlights include VE800 robustly promoted induction of interferon-gamma producing CD8+ T cells via activation of intestinal dendritic cells and stimulation of interferon-gamma producing CD8+ T cells in a manner dependent on the transcription factor BATF3.
Recommended work-up to investigate possible triggers includes a CBC with differential, sedimentation rate, CRT* ASO titers or anti-DNase B titers, tuberculin skin test or interferon-gamma TB test, and a chest x-ray.
Expression of interferon-gamma and interleukin-4 production in CD4+ T cells in patients with chronic heart failure.
Performance of interferon-gamma release assay for tuberculosis screening in inflammatory bowel disease patients.
Analysis of discordance between the tuberculin skin test and the interferon-gamma release assay.
A recent breakthrough in the diagnosis of TB and latent TB infection is the introduction of interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs), in which the production of interferon-gamma (IFN-a) in response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-specific antigens is measured.
Yang, "Interferon-Gamma Release Assays for the Diagnosis of Tuberculosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis," Lung, pp.
Krueger et al., "Screening for latent tuberculosis infection: performance of tuberculin skin test and interferon-gamma release assays under real-life conditions," Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol.
Haslam, "Increased levels of serum interferon-gamma in pulmonary sarcoidosis and relationship with response to corticosteroid therapy," American Review of Respiratory Disease, vol.
Disseminated Mycobacterium scrofulaceum infection in a child with interferon-gamma receptor 1 deficiency.

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