villus

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vil·lus

 (vĭl′əs)
n. pl. vil·li (vĭl′ī)
1. Biology A minute projection arising from a mucous membrane, especially:
a. One of the numerous vascular projections of the small intestine.
b. One of the fingerlike projections of the chorion that contribute to the formation of the placenta in mammals.
2. Botany A fine, hairlike epidermal outgrowth.

[Latin, shaggy hair.]

villus

(ˈvɪləs)
n (usually plural) , pl villi (ˈvɪlaɪ)
1. (Zoology) zoology anatomy any of the numerous finger-like projections of the mucous membrane lining the small intestine of many vertebrates
2. (Anatomy) zoology anatomy any of the numerous finger-like projections of the mucous membrane lining the small intestine of many vertebrates
3. (Zoology) any similar membranous process, such as any of those in the mammalian placenta
4. (Botany) botany any of various hairlike outgrowths, as from the stem of a moss
[C18: from Latin: shaggy hair]

vil•lus

(ˈvɪl əs)

n., pl. vil•li (ˈvɪl aɪ)
1. any of the fingerlike projections on the surface of certain membranes, esp. on the mucous membrane of the small intestine, functioning to increase the area for the absorption, secretion, or exchange of materials.
2. any of the long, soft, straight hairs covering the fruit, flowers, and other parts of certain plants.
[1695–1705; < Latin: shaggy hair, thick nap]

vil·lus

(vĭl′əs)
Plural villi (vĭl′ī)
A small projection on the surface of a mucous membrane, especially that of the small intestine.

villus

(pl. villi) A minute fingerlike projection. Huge numbers line the small intestine, vastly increasing its surface area.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.villus - a minute hairlike projection on mucous membranevillus - a minute hairlike projection on mucous membrane
chorionic villus - one of the tiny villi that stick out of the fetal chorion and combine with the mother's uterine tissue to form the placenta
appendage, outgrowth, process - a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an organism either animal or plant; "a bony process"
Translations

vil·lus

n. vellosidad, vello, proyección filiforme que crece en una superficie membranosa;
aracnoid ______ aracnoidea;
chorionic ______ -es coriónicas;
intestinal ______ intestinal.
References in periodicals archive ?
During cell extraction, crypts and intestinal villi were observed in the intestinal tissue pieces under a microscope (Fig.
The enzyme lactase is located in the lining of the small intestine known as the intestinal villi.
Coates et al indicated that antibiotics reduce gut size and cause thinning of intestinal villi and the total gut wall.
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of in ovo injection of [alpha] - galactosides on the development of the intestinal villi in the small intestine of broiler chickens.
There was edema within the intestinal villi of the subcutaneous gap, along with neutrophil infiltration.
Adherent grampositive cocci on the intestinal villi of two dogs with gastrointestinal disease.
The part between the two large intestinal villi matchs to the crypts of Lieberkuhn.
It seems that Thymolina[R], with the reduction of harmful bacteria, the decrease in the production of toxic compounds and harmful intestinal bowel wall, and creating a favorable environment of intestinal villi growth, causes the growth of intestinal villi.
This functional layer, like the intestinal villi it resembles, has a very high surface area.
A few of its fibres penetrate the core of the intestinal villi.
Over the short term, these label-retaining cells were at and above the base of the intestinal crypt, an invagination at the base of the intestinal villi protected from the contents of the lumen.
Intestinal villi were usually reduced and appeared irregular in the IMB of Tibetans (Figure 2(a)) while intestinal villi were usually rich and in regular form in the IMB of Han Chinese (Figure 2(b)).