Apart from everything else, they faced the "ghost" of intuitivism
. It is worth noting that intuitivism
is only effective in regards to "spiritual" reality.
Losskii's intuitivism, one of the most original philosophical systems elaborated in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century, may be considered a "defense of the dignity of man" in the humanistic tradition.
Exemplary in this regard is a separate article by Scanlan on panpsychism, the precursor of intuitivism. Panpsychism develops the idea of a hierarchy of beings (etants)--"individual psychic substances" (153)--that was later taken up again and again by different authors.
What is more, it grows up on neo-barocco, existentialism, intuitivism
Linking it to neo-Kantian and phenomenological influences, Botz-Bornstein reveals Hartmann's critical ontology, Henri Bergson's intuitivism
, and Mikhail Bakhtin's formalism as Sesemann's points of departure when dealing with such issues as experience, reality, time, duration, matter and form, and poetics.
These elective affinities in philosophy led Frank into discipleship with Nikolai Losskii's school of intuitivism
in Russia and with representatives of existential phenomenology and social ontology in Germany (he studied with Max Weber, Hermann Cohen, and Georg Simmel, and was a close friend of Max Scheler and Ludwig Binswanger).