Maybe the Inupiats should have kept the seeps a secret.
The Inupiats did get some benefits in the end because the Navy's explorers did find natural gas near Barrow, which is within the petroleum reserve.
It all started a century ago, when government geologists first came to the Arctic and were shown oil seeps by Inupiat people of the region.
In those Arctic regions between Alaska and the Bering Sea, the native peoples, the Eskimo Inupiats do it on an annual race 2,000 miles across the ice from the Gulf of Alaska to Cape South Wales on the edge of the Arctic Circle.
In Danielle Thomas's novel we meet Natu, a native Eskimo of the Inupiat people, who has forsaken the tribe for the oilfields of North America.
The Inupiats built into the sides of hills to use the Earth's consistent temperature and protect their shelters from wind and cold.
Often, they (the Inupiats) just used seal oil and body temperatures."
Sullivan believes we can and have learned much from the Inupiats. "Today," he says, "we've kind of come full spectrum.
The residents there--and throughout the North Slope Borough--are predominantly Inupiat, an Alaskan indigenous people.
Neither do the Inupiat people, who regularly share diverse subsistence foods with Ceccarelli.
To explore the nature and extent of the undercount of ethnic minorities after the 2000 Census, the Census Bureau funded the ethnographic research of six ethnic communities scattered in the United States: the Navajo in northern Arizona; the Inupiat in northern Alaska; Korean immigrants in Queens, New York; Hispanic immigrants in central Virginia; African Americans in coastal Virginia; and rural Whites from the upstate New York snowbelt.
Fascinating ethnographic data, unique to each of the communities, are presented in chapters authored by Tongue (the Navajo), Craver (the Inupiat), Kang (the Korean), Goerman (the Hispanic), Holmes (the African American), and Childs (the rural White).