Rare pictures depicting the occupation and social life of the Toda, Badaga, Irula
and Kurumba tribes are quite a revelation.
The North East team linked up with the Habitat for Humanity charity to help construct several houses for the local Irula
tribe, who currently live in mud huts with no running water or toilet facilities.
The state has used a wide range of methods in the python war, including having tournaments, paying bounties and even bringing in Irula
tribesmen, who specialize in catching venomous snakes in India.
tribal communities were persuaded by the tribal leaders to arrange a camp in the nearest primary health centers for sample collection.
The author has come into contact with four manifestations of this goddess: Macanita:yi of Va:gapene, Macanita:yi of Ku:njapene, Macaniyamma of Macinigudi (q.v.) and Ga:njanu:ru Macani, who possessed an Urali Irula
at Gundri on March 2, 1978, and spoke through him (for details, see Zvelebil 1982: 159-60, and Zvelebil 1988: 146).
uli, Alu Kurumba oli) belongs to a Nilgiri microareal semantic group, the non-Nilgiri etyma meaning 'to flow; river, current'.
Thus, as the editor says in his introduction, "any one of the chapters in the present book can and should be regarded as only one person's view of the subject." However, at the end of the twentieth century, we are able to offer, thanks to the unprecedented flourishing of Nilgiri areal studies in its second half, an "informed understanding" not only of the Todas, Kotas, and Badagas, but also of "the various Irula
and Kurumba groups living on the extremities"--an age-old picture which survived until the middle of this century, but is fast changing and disappearing, as may be seen from some of the essays in this volume.
I fully agree; this, I believe, is true of all Kurumba groups, as well as of the Irula
150, Steever compares the use of echo-compounds in Tamil with similar use in Yiddish-English (fancy-shmancy; Oedipus-Shmoedipus); I would add the unforgettable "Nazi-Shmazi, says Werner yon Braun" of Tom Lehrer (1965, "The Year That Was"), and my own Irula
examples of puli-gili 'some kind of tiger or other', 'sort of a tiger, a tiger of sorts', or vadane ka:yi gidane ka:yi 'brinjal and some other vegetables' / 'a kind of brinjal or something like it'.
225-26, Giri Betta is another name of the Irula
sacred mountain, Rangaswamy Peak (Ir.
, this occurs as cevi, as in Tamil, which is the regular development.