South Ossetia(redirected from Iryston (Xussar Respublika))
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A region of northern Georgia in the central Caucasus bordering on Russia. Annexed by Russia in the early 1800s, South Ossetia became a part of Georgia in 1922. Following Georgian independence from the USSR in 1991, the region was the scene of conflict between Ossetian separatists and Georgian government forces.
(Placename) a disputed region in Georgia on the S slopes of the Caucasus Mountains; in 1990 it voted to join Russia, leading to armed conflict with Georgian forces; it became an autonomous region in 1997 but later lost this status under a nationwide reorganization of local government; it declared itself an independent republic in 2008 following armed conflict in the region between Russian and Georgian forces. Capital: Tskhinvali. Pop: about 70 000 (2000 est). Area: 3900 sq km (1500 sq miles). Georgian name: Tskhinvali Also called: South Ossetian Autonomous Region