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 (ĭsh′mē-ə-līt′, -mā-)
1. A descendant of Ishmael.
2. An outcast.

Ish′ma·el·it′ism n.


1. (Bible) a supposed descendant of Ishmael; a member of a desert people of Old Testament times
2. rare an outcast
ˈIshmaelˌitism n


(ˈɪʃ mi əˌlaɪt, -meɪ ə-, -mə-)

1. a member of a Biblical people descended from Ishmael, who is regarded in Muslim tradition as the progenitor of the Arabs.
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References in classic literature ?
This feeling had been accentuated by the Ishmaelite life he had led from his puppyhood.
Of course, poor Martin, in consequence of his pursuits, had become an Ishmaelite in the house.
As the most hardened Arab that ever careered across the desert over the hump of a dromedary likes to repose sometimes under the date-trees by the water, or to come into the cities, walk into the bazaars, refresh himself in the baths, and say his prayers in the mosques, before he goes out again marauding, so Jos's tents and pilau were pleasant to this little Ishmaelite.
The Midianite merchants hail from Northwest Arabia, as presumably do their Ishmaelite hired hands, so they were in a position, by dint of location, time and economic condition, to get their hands on some rare domesticated dromedary camels.
Perhaps the camels of the Ishmaelite Trampled and passed it o'er, When into Egypt from the patriarch's sight His favorite son they bore.
Arvin (1962: 546) places also Henry James in this category: "Hawthorne's theme of estrangement, the Ishmaelite theme that obsessed Melville, were driven by Henry James to a formulation still more extreme; and expatriation, the frankest form of desertion, became both his literary munition and his personal fate".
In 1908 Miller described the "American negro," with a lower-case "n," as "a promiscuous assortment of individuals with diverse physical and spiritual dispositions and actuated by the antagonistic instinct of the Ishmaelite.
Thus, her discussions of the Ishmaelite legacy in contemporary Holy Land literature is only peripherally related to the self-proclaimed biblical identity of Melville's narrator; indeed the discussion would seem more germane to Melville's later book-length narrative poem Clarel (1876).
He was sold by his brothers to Ishmaelite traders for twenty pieces of silver (Gen 37:25-28).
This hospitable Ishmaelite welcomes the family with lavish hospitality and invites them to sleep well while they are in the care of his family.
Job, an Ishmaelite leader of the patriarchal period, discoursing with his visitors, shows his monotheism and theirs.
I must mention another example full of lessons for analysis of Judaism's acknowledged uniqueness in this common arena: this is the Ishmaelite community, reactivated in the 19th century under the British protectorate in India with an Imamate.