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Ish·ma·el 1

 (ĭsh′mē-əl, -mā-)
In the Bible, the son of Abraham who was cast out after the birth of Isaac. He is traditionally considered to be the forebear of the Arabs.

Ish·ma·el 2

 (ĭsh′mē-əl, -mā-)
An outcast.

[After Ishmael.]


1. (Bible) the son of Abraham and Hagar, Sarah's handmaid: the ancestor of 12 Arabian tribes (Genesis 21:8–21; 25:12–18)
2. (Bible) a bandit chieftain, who defied the Babylonian conquerors of Judah and assassinated the governor appointed by Nebuchadnezzar (II Kings 25:25; Jeremiah 40:13–41:18)
3. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) rare an outcast


(ˈɪʃ mi əl, -meɪ-)

1. the son of Abraham and Hagar: both he and Hagar were cast out of Abraham's family by Sarah. Gen. 16:11, 12.
2. outcast; pariah.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Ishmael - (Old Testament) the son of Abraham who was cast out after the birth of IsaacIshmael - (Old Testament) the son of Abraham who was cast out after the birth of Isaac; considered the forebear of 12 Arabian tribes
Old Testament - the collection of books comprising the sacred scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen people; the first half of the Christian Bible
2.Ishmael - a person who is rejected (from society or home)
unfortunate, unfortunate person - a person who suffers misfortune
heretic, misbeliever, religious outcast - a person who holds religious beliefs in conflict with the dogma of the Roman Catholic Church
leper - a pariah who is avoided by others
Harijan, untouchable - belongs to lowest social and ritual class in India
References in classic literature ?
They had already begun to feel themselves on dangerous ground in keeping along it, as they might be descried by some scouts and spies of that race of Ishmaelites, whose predatory life required them to be constantly on the alert.
They are Ishmaelites of the first order, always with weapon in hand, ready for action.
So East and Tom, the Tadpole, and one or two more, became a sort of young Ishmaelites, their hands against every one, and every one's hand against them.
The unfortunate bee-hunter and his companions had become the captives of a people, who might, without exaggeration, be called the Ishmaelites of the American deserts.
This feeling had been accentuated by the Ishmaelite life he had led from his puppyhood.
As the most hardened Arab that ever careered across the desert over the hump of a dromedary likes to repose sometimes under the date-trees by the water, or to come into the cities, walk into the bazaars, refresh himself in the baths, and say his prayers in the mosques, before he goes out again marauding, so Jos's tents and pilau were pleasant to this little Ishmaelite.
And then King David lists all the nations: 'The tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites, Moab and the Hagrites.
Before becoming vizier of Egypt, (10) Joseph is sold by his brothers into slavery to a caravan of Ishmaelites on camels (37:25-27).
21) Abraham as father has to be shared with Arabs of the whole region in the east and south who called themselves Ishmaelites since the 4th century B.
Flanders uses the Bible to describe Fijians to make a different point, arguing that: 'The natives of the Feejee Islands have, heretofore, been regarded as the Ishmaelites of the South Pacific Ocean, who would never endure the discipline of civilization, and who, if ever converted to Christianity, would be the last brought into the kingdom of heaven' (Wallis 1986).
In the book of Job, the Ishmaelites are portrayed as thieves: "The tents of the robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are secure since God brought them with His hand" (Job 12); in later Rabbinical writings, Ishmael is depicted as having violated the three cardinal sins of idolatry, sexual immorality, and murder (Genesis Rabah 53, PT Sotah 6:6; see Brill 2012, 146).
Jethro and the Midianites are thus identified as Ishmaelites, the monotheistic descendants of Ishmael, the son of Abraham.