The Wonders presents places, plants, and creatures based on texts authored by such figures as Pliny, Herodotus, Solinus, and Isidore of Seville
, and likely dates between 975 and 1025.
Flint over the existence or absence of practicing astrologers in the early Middle Ages, based on varying interpretations that he and Flint have of a passage in the seventh century by encyclopedist Isidore of Seville
(xvii-xx), alluding to this discussion again much later in the text (105).
Instead, it serves as an essential introduction to the subsequent articles, since it summarizes the phases of development of world views in the West from classical times through the late Middle Ages, with emphasis on the schemes of Cosmas Indicopleustes, Macrobius, Augustine and Isidore of Seville
, as well as descriptions of the pervasive trifaria orbis divisio, or T-O map, in which the known lands are represented in the shape of a T surrounded by the orb of the oceans, and the innovative portolano charts that eschewed portrayals of fabulous beings and marvels in favor of practical information for navigators and traders.
Pauline epistles stress the power of the head (Christ is the head of the body), and as far back as Isidore of Seville
, we can clearly see the integration of the rule of heart over head, since "the heart is where all knowledge resides" (Etymologiae XI.
Bailey's coverage of the early Middle Ages is brief with only passing reference to Caesarius of Arles, Gregory of Tours, Martin of Braga, and Isidore of Seville
As far as sources are concerned, Pontano relied heavily on genuinely ancient commentators such as Servius; despite his polemics against barbarous medieval grammarians, he nevertheless made extensive use of medieval authorities such as Isidore of Seville
, Papias, Hugutio, and Giovanni Balbi too.
Isidore of Seville
, a seventh-century bishop and patron of the Internet).
The twin mythologies of the Tower of Babel (where a unitary language was sundered) and Pentecost (where the Holy Spirit spoke to everyone in their own language) provided a framework of cultural response to language difference and change; Gregory the Great, Isidore of Seville
, and the Venerable Bede all wrote about these events in terms of Christian communication, providing Alfred and his helpers with an authorization and a justification for their innovative translations.
The next subject of Dox's study is Isidore of Seville
, who a mere two centuries after Augustine would analyze theater more objectively and historically, as one form of pagan wisdom among many.
Isidore of Seville
evokes a similar practice in his History of the Goths:
It is arranged chronologically, beginning with Augustine of Hippo (354-430) and ending with Gabriel Biel (1420-95), and includes both a wide range of celebrated figures such as Bede, Isidore of Seville
and Boethius, and less familiar names such as Rupert of Deutz and Anselm of Havelberg.
WEB fanatic Pope John Paul II is to name the first patron saint of the internet - Saint Isidore of Seville