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Is·lam(ĭs-läm′, -lăm′, ĭz-, ĭs′läm′, ĭz′-)
1. A monotheistic religion characterized by the doctrine of absolute submission to God and by reverence for Muhammad as the chief and last prophet of God.
a. The people or nations that practice Islam; the Muslim world.
b. The civilization developed by the Muslim world.
1. (Islam) the religion of Muslims, having the Koran as its sacred scripture and teaching that there is only one God and that Mohammed is his prophet; Mohammedanism
a. Muslims collectively and their civilization
b. the countries where the Muslim religion is predominant
[C19: from Arabic: surrender (to God), from aslama to surrender]
Is•lam(ɪsˈlɑm, -ˈlæm, ɪz-, ˈɪs ləm, ˈɪz-)
1. the religion of the Muslims, as set forth in the Koran, that teaches that there is only one God, Allah, and that Muhammad is His prophet.
2. the whole body of Muslim believers, their civilization, and the countries in which theirs is the dominant religion.
[1605–15; < Arabic islām literally, submission (to God)]
Is•lam′ic, Is`lam•it′ic (-ləˈmɪt ɪk) adj.
a strict follower of the Koran.
the doctrines and practices of a 19th-century Persian sect that formed the basis for the current Baha’i organization, regarded as heretical by orthodox Muslims because its leader proclaimed himself to be the Imam Mahdi, the expected twelfth Imam of the Shiite sect, who would establish justice on earth. — Babist, n.
the activities of the Ghazis, fanatics sworn to destroy all infidels.
a member of the Shi’a sect of Muslims, who believe in a succession of twelve divinely inspired imams, from Ali to Muhamad al Muntazar.
the religion of Islam; Muhammadanism. — Islamist, n. — Islamitic, adj.
the tradition in Islam of venerating a shrine in Mecca through pilgrimage and prayers made after turning in its direction. — Kaaba, n., adj.
an adherent of a heretical 9th-century Muslim sect that considers the Koran as mere allegory and is opposed to prayer, fasting, and revelation.
the belief in Mahdi, the Muslim spiritual guide who, on Judgment Day, will lead the faithful to salvation. — Mahdist, n.
the doctrines and practices of the religion founded by the prophet Muhammad and set forth in the Koran. Also called Islam, Islamism. — Muhammadan, Mohammedan, n.
the doctrines of Sultan Abdul-Hamid’s 19th-century political movement that was against the westernization and unification of Islam. — Pan-Islamist, n. — Pan-Islamic, adj.
a 19th-century Islamic brotherhood observing a strict and ascetic religious orthodoxy and practicing militant political activity. Also Senusiya, Sanusiya. — Senusi, Sanusi, n.
the doctrines and practices of Shi’a, one of the two major branches of Islam, regarding Ali, the son-in-law of Muhammad, as the Prophet’s legitimate successor. See also Sunnism. — Shiite, n., adj.
the beliefs and practices of an ascetic, retiring, and mystical sect in Islam. — Sufi, n., adj.
the doctrines and practices of the larger of the two major branches of Islam, regarding as legitimate the first four caliphs after Muhammad’s death and stressing the importance of the traditional portion of Muslim law (the Sunna). See also Shiism. — Sunnite, n., adj.
Obsolete, a Muslim holy man.
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|Noun||1.||Islam - the civilization of Muslims collectively which is governed by the Muslim religion; "Islam is predominant in northern Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, and Indonesia"|
fatwah - (Islam) a legal opinion or ruling issued by an Islamic scholar; "bin Laden issued three fatwahs calling upon Muslims to take up arms against the United States"
civilization, civilisation - a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations); "the people slowly progressed from barbarism to civilization"
Islamist - an orthodox Muslim
sigeh - a Shiite tradition of temporary marriage permitted in Iran that allows a couple to specify the terms of their relationship; can last from a few minutes to 99 years; "sigeh legally wraps premarital sex in an Islamic cloak"
|2.||Islam - the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran; "Islam is a complete way of life, not a Sunday religion"; "the term Muhammadanism is offensive to Muslims who believe that Allah, not Muhammad, founded their religion"|
Sunna, Sunnah, hadith - (Islam) the way of life prescribed as normative for Muslims on the basis of the teachings and practices of Muhammad and interpretations of the Koran
Had crime - (Islam) serious crimes committed by Muslims and punishable by punishments established in the Koran; "Had crimes include apostasy from Islam and murder and theft and adultery"
Tazir crime - (Islam) minor crimes committed by Muslims; crimes that are not mentioned in the Koran so judges are free to punish the offender in any appropriate way; "in some Islamic nations Tazir crimes are set by legislation"
Ramadan - (Islam) a fast (held from sunrise to sunset) that is carried out during the Islamic month of Ramadan
Caaba, Kaaba - (Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine; believed to have been given by Gabriel to Abraham; Muslims turn in its direction when praying
mihrab - (Islam) a niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the direction of Mecca
mihrab - (Islam) a design in the shape of niche in a Muslim prayer rug; during worship the niche must be pointed toward Mecca
mosque - (Islam) a Muslim place of worship that usually has a minaret
Hadith - (Islam) a tradition based on reports of the sayings and activities of Muhammad and his companions
pillar of Islam - (Islam) one of the five religious obligations accepted by all Muslims
monotheism - belief in a single God
Mahdism - belief in the appearance of the Mahdi; devotion to a Mahdi
Salafi movement, Salafism - a militant group of extremist Sunnis who believe themselves the only correct interpreters of the Koran and consider moderate Muslims to be infidels; seek to convert all Muslims and to insure that its own fundamentalist version of Islam will dominate the world
Shiism - the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
Wahabism, Wahhabism - a conservative and intolerant form of Islam that is practiced in Saudi Arabia; "Osama bin Laden and his followers practice Wahhabism"
Ta'ziyeh - (Islam) a form of Iranian musical pageant that is the theatrical expression of religious passion; based on the Battle of Kerbala and performed annually (in Farsi)
halal - (Islam) meat from animals that have been slaughtered in the prescribed way according to the shariah
Islam Nation, Islamic Ummah, Muslim Ummah, Umma, Ummah - the Muslim community or people, considered to extend from Mauritania to Pakistan; "moderate Muslims urge the Ummah to reject the terrorism of radical Muslims"
Beelzebub, Devil, Lucifer, Old Nick, Prince of Darkness, Satan, the Tempter - (Judeo-Christian and Islamic religions) chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell
djinn, djinni, djinny, genie, jinnee, jinni - (Islam) an invisible spirit mentioned in the Koran and believed by Muslims to inhabit the earth and influence mankind by appearing in the form of humans or animals
eblis - (Islam) the principal evil jinni in Islamic mythology
houri - (Islam) one of the dark-eyed virgins of perfect beauty believed to live with the blessed in Paradise
paynim - a heathen; a person who is not a Christian (especially a Muslim)
imam, imaum - (Islam) the man who leads prayers in a mosque; for Shiites an imam is a recognized authority on Islamic theology and law and a spiritual guide
Mahdi - (Islam) a messianic leader who (according to popular Muslim belief) will appear before the end of the world and restore justice and religion
Moslem denominations and sectsAlaouites or Alawites, Druse or Druze, Imami, Ismaili or Isma'ili, Nizari, Shiah, Shia or Shiite, Sufism, Sunni, Wahhabism or Wahabism, Zaidi
Islam[ˈɪzlɑːm] N → Islam m
Islam[ˈɪzlɑːm] n → islam m
Islam[ˈɪzlɑːm] n → Islam m inv
the Muslim religion. Islam إسْلام ислям Islã islám der Islam islam ισλαμισμός Islam islam اسلام islam Islam אִיסלָם इस्लाम islam iszlám Islam íslam, múhameðstrú Islam イスラム教 이슬람교 islamas islams; musulmanisms Islam islamislamislam اسلام Islão islam ислам islam islam islam islam ศาสนาอิสลาม İslâm, Müslümanlık 回教 іслам اسلام đạo Hồi 伊斯兰教Isˈlamic (-ˈlӕ-) adjective
of Islam. Islamic festivals. Islamities إسْلامي ислямски islâmico islámský islamisch islamisk; muslimsk ισλαμικός Islámico islami- اسلامی islamin- islamique אִסלָמִי इस्लामी islamski iszlám Islami íslamskur islamico イスラム教の 이슬람교의 musulmonų islama-; musulmaņu- Islam islamitischislamsk, islamittiskmuzułmański اسلامى islâmico islamic мусульманский islamský islamski islamski islamisk, islamitisk ของอิสลาม İslâmî 回教的 ісламістський, мусульманський اسلامی thuộc đạo Hồi 伊斯兰教的