Islamism


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Related to Islamism: Hinduism, Christianity

Is·lam·ism

 (ĭs-lä′mĭz′əm, ĭz-, ĭs′lə-, ĭz′-)
n.
1. An Islamic revivalist movement, often characterized by moral conservatism, literalism, and the attempt to implement Islamic values in all spheres of life.
2. The religious faith, principles, or cause of Islam.

Is·lam′ist adj. & n.

Islamism

(ˈɪzləmɪzm)
n
(Islam) support of or advocacy for Islamic fundamentalism

Is•lam•ism

(ɪsˈlɑ mɪz əm, ɪz-, ˈɪs ləˌmɪz-, ˈɪz-)

n.
the religion or culture of Islam.
[1740–50]
Is•lam′ite, n.

Islam, Islamism

the religion of Islam; Muhammadanism. — Islamist, n. — Islamitic, adj.
See also: Islam
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Islamism - a fundamentalist Islamic revivalist movement generally characterized by moral conservatism and the literal interpretation of the Koran and the attempt to implement Islamic values in all aspects of life
religious movement - a movement intended to bring about religious reforms
2.Islamism - the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the KoranIslamism - the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran; "Islam is a complete way of life, not a Sunday religion"; "the term Muhammadanism is offensive to Muslims who believe that Allah, not Muhammad, founded their religion"
Sunna, Sunnah, hadith - (Islam) the way of life prescribed as normative for Muslims on the basis of the teachings and practices of Muhammad and interpretations of the Koran
Had crime - (Islam) serious crimes committed by Muslims and punishable by punishments established in the Koran; "Had crimes include apostasy from Islam and murder and theft and adultery"
Tazir crime - (Islam) minor crimes committed by Muslims; crimes that are not mentioned in the Koran so judges are free to punish the offender in any appropriate way; "in some Islamic nations Tazir crimes are set by legislation"
Ramadan - (Islam) a fast (held from sunrise to sunset) that is carried out during the Islamic month of Ramadan
Caaba, Kaaba - (Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine; believed to have been given by Gabriel to Abraham; Muslims turn in its direction when praying
masjid, musjid - (Islam) a Muslim place of worship
mihrab - (Islam) a niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the direction of Mecca
mihrab - (Islam) a design in the shape of niche in a Muslim prayer rug; during worship the niche must be pointed toward Mecca
mosque - (Islam) a Muslim place of worship that usually has a minaret
Hadith - (Islam) a tradition based on reports of the sayings and activities of Muhammad and his companions
pillar of Islam - (Islam) one of the five religious obligations accepted by all Muslims
monotheism - belief in a single God
Mahdism - belief in the appearance of the Mahdi; devotion to a Mahdi
Salafi movement, Salafism - a militant group of extremist Sunnis who believe themselves the only correct interpreters of the Koran and consider moderate Muslims to be infidels; seek to convert all Muslims and to insure that its own fundamentalist version of Islam will dominate the world
Shiism - the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
Wahabism, Wahhabism - a conservative and intolerant form of Islam that is practiced in Saudi Arabia; "Osama bin Laden and his followers practice Wahhabism"
Ta'ziyeh - (Islam) a form of Iranian musical pageant that is the theatrical expression of religious passion; based on the Battle of Kerbala and performed annually (in Farsi)
kismat, kismet - (Islam) the will of Allah
halal - (Islam) meat from animals that have been slaughtered in the prescribed way according to the shariah
Islam Nation, Islamic Ummah, Muslim Ummah, Umma, Ummah - the Muslim community or people, considered to extend from Mauritania to Pakistan; "moderate Muslims urge the Ummah to reject the terrorism of radical Muslims"
Beelzebub, Devil, Lucifer, Old Nick, Prince of Darkness, Satan, the Tempter - (Judeo-Christian and Islamic religions) chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell
djinn, djinni, djinny, genie, jinnee, jinni - (Islam) an invisible spirit mentioned in the Koran and believed by Muslims to inhabit the earth and influence mankind by appearing in the form of humans or animals
shaitan, shaytan - (Islam) a rebellious jinni who leads men astray
eblis - (Islam) the principal evil jinni in Islamic mythology
houri - (Islam) one of the dark-eyed virgins of perfect beauty believed to live with the blessed in Paradise
paynim - a heathen; a person who is not a Christian (especially a Muslim)
imam, imaum - (Islam) the man who leads prayers in a mosque; for Shiites an imam is a recognized authority on Islamic theology and law and a spiritual guide
Mahdi - (Islam) a messianic leader who (according to popular Muslim belief) will appear before the end of the world and restore justice and religion
Translations

Islamism

[ˈɪzləmɪzəm] Nislamismo m
References in classic literature ?
The Moslems watch the Golden Gate with a jealous eye, and an anxious one, for they have an honored tradition that when it falls, Islamism will fall and with it the Ottoman Empire.
The term 'Islamism' in English was employed in 1960s by late Dr Fazlur Rehman in order to explain the political vision of Mawlana Mawdudi and Syed Qutb.
Islamism in the Modern World: A Historical Approach
The most prominent public intellectuals debating Islamism are two academic political scientists, Olivier Roy and Gilles Kepel.
Gilles Kepel, a French scholar on Islamism, defines post-Islamism as "the departure of Islamists from the Jihadi and Salafi doctrines." Olivier Roy, another intellectual giant believes, "It is changing the lives of the individuals rather Islamization of the state." Asef Bayat, who coined the term Islamism defines it as, "Transcending Islamist rationale to political, social, and intellectual realms." He contends that when Islamist movements feel their appeal and legitimacy is losing lustre among supporters, they realize the inadequacies in their manifestoes and attempt to rationalize themselves with public demands.
Hence, we should have no sensitivity in criticizing Islamism that had been a recent development in the 20th century.
How to explain Islamism's success in our largely secularized societies, and how best to contend with it?
FILE: Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz warned of the dangers of Islamism which, he said, has caused "the ruin and destruction of nations wealthier and stronger than Mauritania."
Islamism: What it Means for the Middle East and the World.
a collective loss of faith in politics," writes Shadi Hamid in Islamic Exceptionalism , which argues for a new understanding of how Islam and Islamism shape politics.
Our research, including interviews with political activists, suggests that disenchantment with Islamism has been years in the making.