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Is·lam·ism(ĭs-lä′mĭz′əm, ĭz-, ĭs′lə-, ĭz′-)
1. An Islamic revivalist movement, often characterized by moral conservatism, literalism, and the attempt to implement Islamic values in all spheres of life.
2. The religious faith, principles, or cause of Islam.
Is·lam′ist adj. & n.
(Islam) support of or advocacy for Islamic fundamentalism
Is•lam•ism(ɪsˈlɑ mɪz əm, ɪz-, ˈɪs ləˌmɪz-, ˈɪz-)
the religion or culture of Islam.
the religion of Islam; Muhammadanism. — Islamist, n. — Islamitic, adj.See also: Islam
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|Noun||1.||Islamism - a fundamentalist Islamic revivalist movement generally characterized by moral conservatism and the literal interpretation of the Koran and the attempt to implement Islamic values in all aspects of life|
religious movement - a movement intended to bring about religious reforms
|2.||Islamism - the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran; "Islam is a complete way of life, not a Sunday religion"; "the term Muhammadanism is offensive to Muslims who believe that Allah, not Muhammad, founded their religion"|
Sunna, Sunnah, hadith - (Islam) the way of life prescribed as normative for Muslims on the basis of the teachings and practices of Muhammad and interpretations of the Koran
Had crime - (Islam) serious crimes committed by Muslims and punishable by punishments established in the Koran; "Had crimes include apostasy from Islam and murder and theft and adultery"
Tazir crime - (Islam) minor crimes committed by Muslims; crimes that are not mentioned in the Koran so judges are free to punish the offender in any appropriate way; "in some Islamic nations Tazir crimes are set by legislation"
Ramadan - (Islam) a fast (held from sunrise to sunset) that is carried out during the Islamic month of Ramadan
Caaba, Kaaba - (Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine; believed to have been given by Gabriel to Abraham; Muslims turn in its direction when praying
mihrab - (Islam) a niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the direction of Mecca
mihrab - (Islam) a design in the shape of niche in a Muslim prayer rug; during worship the niche must be pointed toward Mecca
mosque - (Islam) a Muslim place of worship that usually has a minaret
Hadith - (Islam) a tradition based on reports of the sayings and activities of Muhammad and his companions
pillar of Islam - (Islam) one of the five religious obligations accepted by all Muslims
monotheism - belief in a single God
Mahdism - belief in the appearance of the Mahdi; devotion to a Mahdi
Salafi movement, Salafism - a militant group of extremist Sunnis who believe themselves the only correct interpreters of the Koran and consider moderate Muslims to be infidels; seek to convert all Muslims and to insure that its own fundamentalist version of Islam will dominate the world
Shiism - the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
Wahabism, Wahhabism - a conservative and intolerant form of Islam that is practiced in Saudi Arabia; "Osama bin Laden and his followers practice Wahhabism"
Ta'ziyeh - (Islam) a form of Iranian musical pageant that is the theatrical expression of religious passion; based on the Battle of Kerbala and performed annually (in Farsi)
halal - (Islam) meat from animals that have been slaughtered in the prescribed way according to the shariah
Islam Nation, Islamic Ummah, Muslim Ummah, Umma, Ummah - the Muslim community or people, considered to extend from Mauritania to Pakistan; "moderate Muslims urge the Ummah to reject the terrorism of radical Muslims"
Beelzebub, Devil, Lucifer, Old Nick, Prince of Darkness, Satan, the Tempter - (Judeo-Christian and Islamic religions) chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell
djinn, djinni, djinny, genie, jinnee, jinni - (Islam) an invisible spirit mentioned in the Koran and believed by Muslims to inhabit the earth and influence mankind by appearing in the form of humans or animals
eblis - (Islam) the principal evil jinni in Islamic mythology
houri - (Islam) one of the dark-eyed virgins of perfect beauty believed to live with the blessed in Paradise
paynim - a heathen; a person who is not a Christian (especially a Muslim)
imam, imaum - (Islam) the man who leads prayers in a mosque; for Shiites an imam is a recognized authority on Islamic theology and law and a spiritual guide
Mahdi - (Islam) a messianic leader who (according to popular Muslim belief) will appear before the end of the world and restore justice and religion