Lika presents an Arab edition with commentary of the anti-Isma'ili
statements in a work by al-Mu'ayyad bi-llah, an important scholar of the Zaydi community in Tabaristan, a region south of the Caspian Sea in modern northern Iran, where the Isma'ili
movement spread continuously.
He seems to have a somewhat confused understanding of the various strands of Shi'ism and sees the Isma'ili
branch as having originated with the Fatimids, when in fact the Fatimids were just one group that grew out of the Isma'ili
The Fatimids belonged to the Isma'ili
Shiite sect and came from al-Maghreb (present day Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia) to conquer Egypt.
In 909, a claimed descendant of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), Abdullah al-Mahdi, declared himself Imam of the Isma'ili
Shi'a community and the rightful leader of the Muslim world.
He also authored two books in Urdu: Tdrikh-i Fatimiyyin-i Misr (Hyderabad: Osmaniya University, 1948) and Hamdre Isma'ili
madhhab ki haqiqat aur uska nizdm (Hyderabad: The Islamic Academy of Islamic Studies, 1954), the latter on the Ismaili faith and its organization.
Iran has forged latent links with Turkish Alevis (mostly Isma'ili
, Ja'fari Shi'ites and Arabic-speaking Alawites) in the opposition represented by the People's Republican Party (CHP), the intensely secular organisation founded in the 1920s by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
The other branch that arose after the death of Ja'far followed his second son Isma'ili
and were known as the Isma'ili
group, which inherited the extremist and revolutionary character of the earlier movement.
, Druze and other Shi'ites refuse to have anything to do with Safawism.
With startup funds from the Agha Khan Foundation (the Agha Khan is leader of the Isma'ili
community, which is prevalent in northern Afghanistan), the highly successful Roshan cellphone company was founded.
As usual, there are always exceptions or partial similarities--in this respect we can perhaps compare the early Joachites to the Mahdist movements in the peripheries of the Islamic world or to the doctrine of the militant Nizari Isma'ili
He was martyred at the hands of members of the Isma'ili
cult in the central mosque of Amol on Friday, the 11th of Muharram, 501/502 AH.
Nahzat-e-Nawin: modernization of the Badakhshani Isma'ili
communities in Badakhshan.