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Any of various unsaturated hydrocarbons, C10H16, found in essential oils and oleoresins of plants such as conifers and used in organic syntheses.

[Obsolete terp(entine), variant of turpentine + -ene.]

ter·pe′nic adj.
ter′pe·noid′ adj. & n.


(ˈtɜːpəˌnɔid) chem
(Chemistry) a class of chemical compounds including all terpenes
(Chemistry) relating to terpenes
References in periodicals archive ?
15 phytochemicals including 5 fatty acids, methyl iso-pentadecanoate (37), methyl pentadecylate (40), isopropyl myristate (41), methyl elaidate (56), and 9Z,12E-Octadecadienoic acid ME (60); 2 fatty aldehydes, nonanal (16) and 2E-decenal (20); 2 fatty alcohols, lignocerol (68) and pentacosyl alcohol (73); 4 isoprenoids, phytane (36), iso-phytol (42), hexahydrofarnesyl acetone (43), and E-phytol (57), and 2 phytosteroids, O-Sitosterol (79) and fucosterol (81) were identified for the first time from S.
46) Cholesterol and other isoprenoids produced via the same pathway are required by CoQ10 to attach it to the inner membrane of the mitochondria.
The OM source parameters of analysed samples were calculated based on distributions and abundances of n-alkanes, isoprenoids, steranes and terpanes (Fig.
The mechanisms underlying the effects of statins on renal structural protection are still speculative, but may be related to their ability to prevent synthesis of certain isoprenoids that prevent post-translational modification of proteins such as Ras and Rho.
Biosynthesis of the Irregular Monoterpene Artemisia Ketone, the Sesquiterpene Germacrene D and Other Isoprenoids in Tanacetum vulgare L.
DEINOVE has validated the 2nd key milestone of the DEINOCHEM program, dedicated to the production of biosourced isoprenoids, funded by ADEME (French Environment and Energy Management Agency) in the framework of the Investments for the Future program launched by the French government.
Isoprenoids are highly reactive and as a consequence significantly affect the chemical and physical properties of the atmosphere (Chameides et al.
Traces of methyl branched hydrocarbons (Farnesane and Nor pristane) and isoprenoids such as pristane and phytane were present in oily sludge alone.
8,9) Terpenoids, or isoprenoids, are a subclass of prenyllipids, which include prenylquinones, sterols, and terpenes, the largest class of natural substances.
Differential accumulation of isoprenoids in glanded and glandless Artemisia annua L.
HMG-CoA (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-Coenzyme A) reductase inhibitors disrupt cellular processes by the depletion of isoprenoids and dolichols that are intimately involved with insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling, including receptor functions.
In addition, MVA pathway synthesizes mevalonic acid and isoprenoids (Miziorko, 2011).