isothiocyanate

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i·so·thi·o·cy·a·nate

 (ī′sə-thī′ō-sī′ə-nāt′)
n.
A pungent and irritating sulfur analog of an isocyanate, characterized by the NCS group, that is present in mustard oils.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.isothiocyanate - a family of compounds derived from horseradish and radishes and onions and mustards; source of the hotness of those plants and preparations
table mustard, mustard - pungent powder or paste prepared from ground mustard seeds
horseradish, horseradish root - the root of the horseradish plant; it is grated or ground and used for seasoning
mustard - any of several cruciferous plants of the genus Brassica
Raphanus sativus, radish - Eurasian plant widely cultivated for its edible pungent root usually eaten raw
Allium cepa, onion plant, onion - bulbous plant having hollow leaves cultivated worldwide for its rounded edible bulb
chemical irritant - a substance producing irritation
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Isothiocyanates, nitriles and thiocyanates as products of autolysis of glucosinolates in Cruciferae.
For example, she noted, isothiocyanates - found in cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and cabbage - protect against cancer through effects on enzymes that suppress cellular DNA damage.
Isothiocyanates, for example, are found in cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli and watercress.
Broccoli and its siblings contain indoles, isothiocyanates, and other substances thought to protect against cancer.
Current fluorescence systems use reagents like the isothiocyanates which are themselves fluorogenic, and thus cause a lot of noise and interference, says Jeff Jacob of RCT's physical sciences group.
Bursting with nutrition, a half-cup of cooked broccoli packs 84% DV (Daily Value) of antioxidant vitamin C and 138% DV of bone-healthy vitamin K, in addition to many phytonutrients with anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties, including isothiocyanates.
Broccoli contains a number of phytochemicals, such as indole-3-carbinol, isothiocyanates and glucosinolates, which are known to have anticancer properties.
Isothiocyanates (-N=C=S) are naturally occurring compounds that are primarily synthesised and stored in plants and cruciferous vegetables, including Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cabbage, kale, and radishes, as glucosinolates.
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the protective effect of isothiocyanates, which are known to activate Nrf2, on the accumulation of mercury after exposure to MeHg in vitro and in vivo.
The company has identified isothiocyanates contained in certain cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, mustard seeds and watercress as having a positive effect on heart health.
The most common products are isothiocyanates which cause reduced feed intake, impaired growth and induce goiter (Svetina et al., 2003; McNeill et al., 2004).
Fung-Lung Chung and colleagues showed in previous experiments that substances called isothiocyanates (or ITCs) - found in broccoli, cauliflower, watercress, and other cruciferous vegetables - appear to stop the growth of cancer.