Formerly a British protectorate, Somaliland merged with former Italian Somaliland
in 1960 to create Somalia.
In East Africa, Italian forces in Abyssinia, Eritrea and Italian Somaliland
were effectively cut off from support by geography and the Royal Navy.
Somalia never really stabilized for any great period of time following the unification of Italian Somaliland
and British Somaliland in to form the Somali Republic on July 1, 1960.
: Before the conquest of Italian Somaliland
by the British in 1941/1942, the qat habit had been virtually unknown in eastern and southern Somalia.
Despite their different colonial pasts, upon independence in 1960 British and Italian Somaliland
're-unified' to become the Republic of Somalia.
He fought against the Italians in Italian Somaliland
In fact, in one week in February 1936, forty tons of mustard gas was dropped on Abyssinian troops by the Regia Aeronautica, and in March 1936, air dropped mustard gas played a key role in halting an Abyssinian counter-attack against Italian Somaliland
. (6) The subsequent capture of Abyssinia's capital, Addis Ababa, on May 5, 1936, ended a short but devastating war that saw the death of more than 700,000 Abyssinians along with approximately fourteen million of their farm animals.
on June 26, 1960, and Italian Somaliland
, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on July 1, 1960, to form the Somali Republic).
(1) At independence, Somalia--officially the Somali Republic after the union of former British Somaliland in the North and former Italian Somaliland
in the South (2)--was regarded as one of the least likely African countries to fall into the category of a "failed state." (3) The majority of Somalians are ethnically Somali; they share a similar adherence to Sunni Islam and nomadic pastoralism.
* The Republic of Somalia, established in 1960, was formed by uniting two former colonies, British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland
(see map, pp.
For 20 years, ever since we re-established our independence -- we had voluntarily joined with Italian Somaliland
to form Somalia in 1960 -- the international community has closed its eyes to the successful democracy that we have built.
For 20 years, ever since we re-established our independence - we had voluntarily joined with Italian Somaliland
to form Somalia in 1960 - the international community has closed its eyes to the successful democracy that we have built.