Italy


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Italy

It·a·ly

 (ĭt′l-ē)
1. A peninsula of southern Europe projecting into the Mediterranean Sea between the Tyrrhenian and Adriatic Seas.
2. A country of southern Europe comprising the peninsula of Italy, Sardinia, Sicily, and several smaller islands. It was settled in antiquity by Italic tribes, Etruscans, and Greek colonists, but from the fourth century bc became dominated by Rome, eventually forming the core of the Roman Empire. After ad 476, Italy was ruled by various Germanic tribes, local families, and popes. The 13th to 16th centuries saw a cultural flowering in such city-states as Pisa, Florence, and Venice that eventually spread throughout Europe as the Renaissance. Nationalism in the 19th century led to unification under King Victor Emmanuel II in 1870. Italy became a fascist state under Benito Mussolini, whose regime (1922-1943) was allied with Germany in World War II. After the war, Italy was reconstituted as a republic (1946). Rome is the capital and largest city.

Italy

(ˈɪtəlɪ)
n
(Placename) a republic in S Europe, occupying a peninsula in the Mediterranean between the Tyrrhenian and the Adriatic Seas, with the islands of Sardinia and Sicily to the west: first united under the Romans but became fragmented into numerous political units in the Middle Ages; united kingdom proclaimed in 1861; under the dictatorship of Mussolini (1922–43); became a republic in 1946; a member of the European Union. It is generally mountainous, with the Alps in the north and the Apennines running the length of the peninsula. Official language: Italian. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Rome. Pop: 61 482 297 (2013 est) Area: 301 247 sq km (116 312 sq miles). Italian name: Italia

It•a•ly

(ˈɪt l i)

n.
a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870–1946. 56,735,130; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia.

Italy


the revival in arts and letters in the sixteenth century in Italy. — cinquecentist, n., adj.
the art and literature of thirteenth-century Italy. — duecentist, n., adj.
an obsession with Italy and things Italian.
the art of fifteenth-century Italy. — quattrocentist, n., adj.
the civil government of Italy, as contrasted with the papal government of the Vatican. — Quirinal, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Italy - a republic in southern Europe on the Italian PeninsulaItaly - a republic in southern Europe on the Italian Peninsula; was the core of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire between the 4th century BC and the 5th century AD
Cannae - ancient city is southeastern Italy where Hannibal defeated the Romans in 216 BC
battle of Caporetto, Caporetto - battle of World War I (1917); Italians were defeated by the Austrian and German forces
Battle of Lake Trasimenus, Lake Trasimenus - a battle in 217 BC in which Hannibal ambushed a Roman army led by Flaminius
Battle of Magenta, Magenta - a battle in 1859 in which the French and Sardinian forces under Napoleon III defeated the Austrians under Francis Joseph I
Marengo - a battle in 1800 in which the French under Napoleon Bonaparte won a great victory over the Austrians
Metaurus River - a battle during the second Punic War (207 BC); Hannibal's brother Hasdrubal was defeated by the Romans which ended Hannibal's hopes for success in Italy
Battle of Ravenna, Ravenna - a battle between the French and an alliance of Spaniards and Swiss and Venetians in 1512
Salerno - a battle in World War II; the port was captured by United States troops in September 1943
battle of Solferino, Solferino - an indecisive battle in 1859 between the French and Sardinians under Napoleon III and the Austrians under Francis Joseph I
battle of Trasimeno, Trasimeno - a battle in central Italy where Hannibal defeated the Romans under Flaminius in 217 BC
Appian Way - an ancient Roman road in Italy extending south from Rome to Brindisi; begun in 312 BC
Flaminian Way - an ancient Roman road in Italy built by Gaius Flaminius in 220 BC; extends north from Rome to cisalpine Gaul
spaghetti Western - a low-budget Western movie produced by a European (especially an Italian) film company
aloha, ciao - an acknowledgment that can be used to say hello or goodbye (aloha is Hawaiian and ciao is Italian)
Italian - the Romance language spoken in Italy
grissino - a long slender crusty breadstick
polenta - a thick mush made of cornmeal boiled in stock or water
calamari, calamary, squid - (Italian cuisine) squid prepared as food
Brigate Rosse, Red Brigades, BR - a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that arose out of a student protest movement in the late 1960s; wants to separate Italy from NATO and advocates violence in the service of class warfare and revolution; mostly inactive since 1989
NIPR, Revolutionary Proletarian Initiative Nuclei, Revolutionary Proletarian Nucleus - a clandestine group of leftist extremists who oppose Italy's labor policies and foreign policy; responsible for bombing building in the historic center of Rome from 2000 to 2002
Common Market, EC, EEC, European Community, European Economic Community, European Union, EU, Europe - an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members; "he tried to take Britain into the Europen Union"
NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization - an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
commune - the smallest administrative district of several European countries
Italian Peninsula - a boot-shaped peninsula in southern Europe extending into the Mediterranean Sea
Pompeii - ancient city to the southeast of Naples that was buried by a volcanic eruption from Vesuvius
Herculaneum - ancient city; now destroyed
Abruzzi, Abruzzi e Molise - a mountainous region of central Italy on the Adriatic
Basilicata, Lucania - a region of southern Italy (forming the instep of the Italian `boot')
Bolzano - an Italian city in Trentino-Alto Adige near the Austrian border; noted as a resort and for its Alpine scenery
Brescia - an ancient Italian city in central Lombardy
Calabria - a region of southern Italy (forming the toe of the Italian `boot')
Campania - a region of southwestern Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea including the islands of Capri and Ischia
Ferrara - a city in northern Italy; "in the 13th century Ferrara was a center of Renaissance learning and the arts"
Emilia-Romagna - a region of north central Italy on the Adriatic
Friuli-Venezia Giulia - a region in northeastern Italy
Latium, Lazio - an ancient region of west central Italy (southeast of Rome) on the Tyrrhenian Sea
capital of Italy, Eternal City, Italian capital, Rome, Roma - capital and largest city of Italy; on the Tiber; seat of the Roman Catholic Church; formerly the capital of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire
Anzio - a town of central Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea; the Allies established a beachhead at Anzio in World War II
Brindisi - a port city in southeastern Apulia in Italy; a center for the Crusades in the Middle Ages

Italy

Translations
Италия
Itálie
Italien
ItalioItalujo
Itaalia
Italia
Italija
Olaszország
イタリア
이탈리아
Italija
Itālija
Italia
Taliansko
Italija
Italien
ประเทศอิตาลี
nước Ý

Italy

[ˈɪtəlɪ] NItalia f

Italy

[ˈɪtəli] nItalie f
in Italy → en Italie
to Italy → en Italie

Italy

nItalien nt

Italy

[ˈɪtəlɪ] nl'Italia
in Italy → in Italia

Italy

إيطَالْيَّا Itálie Italien Italien Ιταλία Italia Italia Italie Italija Italia イタリア 이탈리아 Italië Italia Włochy Itália Италия Italien ประเทศอิตาลี İtalya nước Ý 意大利
References in classic literature ?
I will speak of Louis[*] (and not of Charles[+]) as the one whose conduct is the better to be observed, he having held possession of Italy for the longest period; and you will see that he has done the opposite to those things which ought to be done to retain a state composed of divers elements.
THE RENAISSANCE AND THE REIGN OF ELIZABETH [Footnote: George Eliot's 'Romola' gives one of the best pictures of the spirit of the Renaissance in Italy.
It's not likely I well know,' said Flora, 'but it's possible and being possible when I had the gratification of reading in the papers that you had arrived from Italy and were going back I made up my mind to try it for you might come across him or hear something of him and if so what a blessing and relief to all
And I think that was the vision that had remained with him always, dazzling his eyes so that he could not see the truth; and notwithstanding the brutality of fact, he continued to see with the eyes of the spirit an Italy of romantic brigands and picturesque ruins.
His temperament was receptive to the beautiful influences with which he came in contact, and he was able in his letters from Rome to put a subtle fragrance of Italy.
During the war in Italy he is several times on the verge of destruction and each time is saved in an unexpected manner.
During the two years that had elapsed previous to their marriage my father had gradually relinquished all his public functions; and immediately after their union they sought the pleasant climate of Italy, and the change of scene and interest attendant on a tour through that land of wonders, as a restorative for her weakened frame.
Over such trivialities as these many a valuable hour may slip away, and the traveller who has gone to Italy to study the tactile values of Giotto, or the corruption of the Papacy, may return remembering nothing but the blue sky and the men and women who live under it.
Or, if passengers desire to visit Parma (famous for Correggio's frescoes) and Bologna, they can by rail go on to Florence, and rejoin the steamer at Leghorn, thus spending about three weeks amid the cities most famous for art in Italy.
from whom the people, changing their names, were called Italians instead of AEnotrians, and that part of Europe was called Italy which is bounded by the Scylletic Gulf on the one side and the Lametic on the other, the distance between which is about half a day's journey.
The bride and bridegroom are going to Germany and the Tyrol, on their way to Italy.
So to Italy, where the Greek scholars had found a refuge, those who wished to learn flocked.