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1. A peninsula of southern Europe projecting into the Mediterranean Sea between the Tyrrhenian and Adriatic Seas.
2. A country of southern Europe comprising the peninsula of Italy, Sardinia, Sicily, and several smaller islands. It was settled in antiquity by Italic tribes, Etruscans, and Greek colonists, but from the fourth century bc became dominated by Rome, eventually forming the core of the Roman Empire. After ad 476, Italy was ruled by various Germanic tribes, local families, and popes. The 13th to 16th centuries saw a cultural flowering in such city-states as Pisa, Florence, and Venice that eventually spread throughout Europe as the Renaissance. Nationalism in the 19th century led to unification under King Victor Emmanuel II in 1870. Italy became a fascist state under Benito Mussolini, whose regime (1922-1943) was allied with Germany in World War II. After the war, Italy was reconstituted as a republic (1946). Rome is the capital and largest city.
(Placename) a republic in S Europe, occupying a peninsula in the Mediterranean between the Tyrrhenian and the Adriatic Seas, with the islands of Sardinia and Sicily to the west: first united under the Romans but became fragmented into numerous political units in the Middle Ages; united kingdom proclaimed in 1861; under the dictatorship of Mussolini (1922–43); became a republic in 1946; a member of the European Union. It is generally mountainous, with the Alps in the north and the Apennines running the length of the peninsula. Official language: Italian. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Rome. Pop: 61 482 297 (2013 est) Area: 301 247 sq km (116 312 sq miles). Italian name: Italia
It•a•ly(ˈɪt l i)
the revival in arts and letters in the sixteenth century in Italy. — cinquecentist, n., adj.
the art and literature of thirteenth-century Italy. — duecentist, n., adj.
an obsession with Italy and things Italian.
the art of fifteenth-century Italy. — quattrocentist, n., adj.
the civil government of Italy, as contrasted with the papal government of the Vatican. — Quirinal, adj.
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|Noun||1.||Italy - a republic in southern Europe on the Italian Peninsula; was the core of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire between the 4th century BC and the 5th century AD|
Cannae - ancient city is southeastern Italy where Hannibal defeated the Romans in 216 BC
battle of Caporetto, Caporetto - battle of World War I (1917); Italians were defeated by the Austrian and German forces
Battle of Lake Trasimenus, Lake Trasimenus - a battle in 217 BC in which Hannibal ambushed a Roman army led by Flaminius
Battle of Magenta, Magenta - a battle in 1859 in which the French and Sardinian forces under Napoleon III defeated the Austrians under Francis Joseph I
Marengo - a battle in 1800 in which the French under Napoleon Bonaparte won a great victory over the Austrians
Metaurus River - a battle during the second Punic War (207 BC); Hannibal's brother Hasdrubal was defeated by the Romans which ended Hannibal's hopes for success in Italy
Battle of Ravenna, Ravenna - a battle between the French and an alliance of Spaniards and Swiss and Venetians in 1512
Salerno - a battle in World War II; the port was captured by United States troops in September 1943
battle of Solferino, Solferino - an indecisive battle in 1859 between the French and Sardinians under Napoleon III and the Austrians under Francis Joseph I
battle of Trasimeno, Trasimeno - a battle in central Italy where Hannibal defeated the Romans under Flaminius in 217 BC
Appian Way - an ancient Roman road in Italy extending south from Rome to Brindisi; begun in 312 BC
Flaminian Way - an ancient Roman road in Italy built by Gaius Flaminius in 220 BC; extends north from Rome to cisalpine Gaul
spaghetti Western - a low-budget Western movie produced by a European (especially an Italian) film company
aloha, ciao - an acknowledgment that can be used to say hello or goodbye (aloha is Hawaiian and ciao is Italian)
Italian - the Romance language spoken in Italy
grissino - a long slender crusty breadstick
polenta - a thick mush made of cornmeal boiled in stock or water
Brigate Rosse, Red Brigades, BR - a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that arose out of a student protest movement in the late 1960s; wants to separate Italy from NATO and advocates violence in the service of class warfare and revolution; mostly inactive since 1989
NIPR, Revolutionary Proletarian Initiative Nuclei, Revolutionary Proletarian Nucleus - a clandestine group of leftist extremists who oppose Italy's labor policies and foreign policy; responsible for bombing building in the historic center of Rome from 2000 to 2002
Common Market, EC, EEC, European Community, European Economic Community, European Union, EU, Europe - an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members; "he tried to take Britain into the Europen Union"
NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization - an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
commune - the smallest administrative district of several European countries
Italian Peninsula - a boot-shaped peninsula in southern Europe extending into the Mediterranean Sea
Pompeii - ancient city to the southeast of Naples that was buried by a volcanic eruption from Vesuvius
Herculaneum - ancient city; now destroyed
Bolzano - an Italian city in Trentino-Alto Adige near the Austrian border; noted as a resort and for its Alpine scenery
Brescia - an ancient Italian city in central Lombardy
Calabria - a region of southern Italy (forming the toe of the Italian `boot')
Campania - a region of southwestern Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea including the islands of Capri and Ischia
Ferrara - a city in northern Italy; "in the 13th century Ferrara was a center of Renaissance learning and the arts"
Emilia-Romagna - a region of north central Italy on the Adriatic
Friuli-Venezia Giulia - a region in northeastern Italy
capital of Italy, Eternal City, Italian capital, Rome, Roma - capital and largest city of Italy; on the Tiber; seat of the Roman Catholic Church; formerly the capital of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire
Anzio - a town of central Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea; the Allies established a beachhead at Anzio in World War II
Brindisi - a port city in southeastern Apulia in Italy; a center for the Crusades in the Middle Ages
noun see administrative regions
Italy[ˈɪtəlɪ] N → Italia f
n → Italien nt
Italy[ˈɪtəlɪ] n → l'Italia
in Italy → in Italia