Itelmen


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Related to Itelmen: Kamchatka, Itelmen language
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itelmen
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Moving from phonology through morpho-phonology and morpho-syntax to syntax, they consider such aspects as the phonology and phonetics of laryngeal stop contrasts in Assamese, disharmony and decay: Itelmen vowel harmony in the 20th century, diachronic and synchronic aspects in the expression of temporal distance in the past: a process of grammaticalization in Italian compared with other Romance languages and English, and postverbial subjects and nuclear pitch accent in Italian wh-questions.
The territory was established in order to protect the rights and interests of the indigenous peoples of Itelmen and Koriak, who have traditionally occupied the lands concerned.
As David Koester, who has written about one of the indigenous peoples of Kamchatka, the Itelmen, has said: "Kamchatka, in the Russian Far East, is both blessed with large areas of relatively pristine wilderness and unindustrialized landscape and cursed by the political ambiguities and economic complexities of attempting to manage that territory".
<*kit) 'two' and Itelmen (Tigil River) katxan, etc.
The 54 languages include the following: Abaza, Aghul, Akhvakh, Aleut, Alutor, Andi, Archi, Bagvalal, Bezhta, Botlikh, Chamalal, Chukchee, Chulym, Dolgan, Enets, Even, Evenki, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Itelmen, Izhorian, Kaitag, Karata, Kerek, Ket, Khanty, Khvarshi, Koryak, Kubachi, Mansi, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Oroch, Orok, Rutul, Sami, Selkup, Shor, Tat, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Udege, Ulchi, Vepsian, Votian, Yug, Yukaghir, and Yupik.
Today, only the following groups, all sedentary, continue to live mainly by fishing and hunting: the Inuit or Eskimos of the American Arctic, the Chukchi and the Koriak of the coasts of the Euro-Siberia Arctic (those living inland herd reindeer), and some of the people living on the shores of the Okhotsk Sea (the Itelmen of Kamchatka, the Ainu of Hokkaido, the Kurilskiye Ostrova [Kuril islands] and southern Sakhalin, the Quilaks or Nivkh of northern Sakhalin and the mouth of the Amur, the Oroche of easternmost Russia, and the Evenes of the northern shores of the Okhotsk Sea).
The historical record is slight, but there is a reference by an 18th-century Russian explorer to the Itelmen, a pastoral fishing people who used to live on the shores of Kambalny and Kurilsky.
To the east of the Taymyr Peninsula, the human populations become even more diverse in terms of their origins and languages: The Evenki, Yakuts of Turkish origin, Yukaghir of Samoyed origin, Chukchi and Inuit, without including the mixed-race peoples, whose origins are relatively distinct, but whose cultural identity is consolidated, such as the Dolgan, Chuvases, Kolimchans or Kamchadales or Itelmen. The low population of the mountainous eastern tip of Siberia is concentrated in the coastal areas.