ijtihad

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ijtihad

(ˌɪdʒtəˈhɑːd)
n
an attempt to derive a legal ruling from the Koran
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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Noun1.ijtihad - the endeavor of a Moslem scholar to derive a rule of divine law from the Koran and Hadith without relying on the views of other scholars; by the end of the 10th century theologians decided that debate on such matters would be closed and Muslim theology and law were frozen; "some reform-minded Islamic scholars believe that reopening ijtihad is a prerequisite for the survival of Islam"
interpretation - an explanation that results from interpreting something; "the report included his interpretation of the forensic evidence"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the earlier years of the Arab conquests, when the sharia was being developed, the process of interpretation and exercise of independent judgement known as itjihad allowed some doctrinal flexibility.
What is your understanding of itjihad and its possibilities?
The Royal Brunei Navy has ordered several "Itjihad" class patrol boats from German ship manufacturer Lurssen Werft.
He furthermore encouraged the IAINs to teach religious science within an interdisciplinary format and to use a model of contextual hermeneutic to undertake itjihad. Reason should guide Indonesian Muslims in aligning Islamic ideals with the political context and modern developments.
Manji writes as someone who has fled the harem, and while her expertise rests on her authoritative knowledge of its interior, she performs what is not really self-critique, or itjihad, as she claims, but a "good" Muslim citizenship that resonates with both neoconservative and liberal feminist critiques of Islam and the Middle East.
Further to this, John Esposito and John Voll also point to the prevalence and centrality in Islamic law of concepts analogous to the fundamentals of democracy such as ijma (consensus), itjihad (independent interpretive judgment), the concurrent condemnation of fitnah (civil disorder) matched with the tolerance of ikhtilaf (disagreement) and dhimmah (the protection of Jewish and Christian minorities under the authority of Islam.