Ethiopia(redirected from Ityop'ia)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
E·thi·o·pi·a(ē′thē-ō′pē-ə) Formerly Ab·ys·sin·i·a (ăb′ĭ-sĭn′ē-ə)
A country of northeast Africa. A kingdom was established around Aksum in the 1st century ad and declined in the 7th century. After a long period of disorder, the area was finally reunited in 1889 by Emperor Menelik II, who greatly expanded Ethiopia by conquest. Italy invaded in 1935 and held the country until 1941. Following the military overthrow of Emperor Haile Selassie I (ruled 1930-1974), a socialist state was established. The country suffered enormous hardship from war with rebels from the province of Eritrea (which gained its independence in 1993) and from famine and drought. Guerrilla forces toppled the government in 1991 and implemented a new democratic constitution (1994). Addis Ababa is the capital and the largest city.
(Placename) a state in NE Africa, on the Red Sea: consolidated as an empire under Menelik II (1889–1913); federated with Eritrea from 1952 until 1993; Emperor Haile Selassie was deposed by the military in 1974 and the monarchy was abolished in 1975; an independence movement in Eritrea was engaged in war with the government from 1961 until 1993. It lies along the Great Rift Valley and consists of deserts in the southeast and northeast and a high central plateau with many rivers (including the Blue Nile) and mountains rising over 4500 m (15 000 ft); the main export is coffee. Language: Amharic. Religion: Christian majority. Currency: birr. Capital: Addis Ababa. Pop: 93 877 025 (2013 est). Area: 1 128 215 sq km (435 614 sq miles). Former name: Abyssinia
E•thi•o•pi•a(ˌi θiˈoʊ pi ə)
1. 1 Formerly, Abyssinia. a republic in E Africa: formerly a monarchy. 58,680,383; 424,724 sq. mi. (1,100,000 sq. km).Cap.: Addis Ababa.
2. Also called Abyssinia. an ancient kingdom in NE Africa, bordering on Egypt and the Red Sea.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||Ethiopia - Ethiopia is a republic in northeastern Africa on the Red Sea; formerly called Abyssinia|
Rastafarian - (Ethiopia) adherents of an African religion that regards Ras Tafari as divine
Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia, New Flower - the capital of Ethiopia and the country's largest city; located in central Ethiopia
Horn of Africa, Somali peninsula - a peninsula of northeastern Africa (the easternmost part of Africa) comprising Somalia and Djibouti and Eritrea and parts of Ethiopia
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Lake Tana, Lake Tsana - a lake in northern Ethiopia; the largest lake in Ethiopia and the source of the Blue Nile
Ethiopian - a native or inhabitant of Ethiopia
Ethiopia[ˌiːθɪˈəʊpɪə] N → Etiopía f
n → Äthiopien nt