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phen·yl·ke·to·nu·ri·a(fĕn′əl-kēt′n-o͝or′ē-ə, -yo͝or′-, fē′nəl-)
n. Abbr. PKU
A genetic disorder in which the body lacks the enzyme necessary to metabolize phenylalanine to tyrosine. Left untreated, the disorder can cause brain damage and progressive intellectual disability as a result of the accumulation of phenylalanine and its breakdown products.
[phenylketone, the class of organic compounds including phenylpyruvic acid, a breakdown product of phenylalanine that is abnormally abundant in the urine of those having the disorder (phenyl + ketone) + ur(o)- + -ia.]
phen′yl·ke′to·nu′ric adj. & n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Pathology) a congenital metabolic disorder characterized by the abnormal accumulation of phenylalanine in the body fluids, resulting in various degrees of mental deficiency
[C20: New Latin; see phenyl, ketone, -uria]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
phen•yl•ke•to•nu•ri•a(ˌfɛn lˌki toʊˈnʊər i ə, -ˈnyʊər-, ˌfin-)
an inherited defect of the ability to metabolize phenylalanine, requiring a diet free of or low in phenylalanine to avoid eczema, mental retardation, and other effects.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||phenylketonuria - a genetic disorder of metabolism; lack of the enzyme needed to turn phenylalanine into tyrosine results in an accumulation of phenylalanine in the body fluids which causes various degrees of mental deficiency|
inborn error of metabolism - any of a number of diseases in which an inherited defect (usually a missing or inadequate enzyme) results in an abnormality of metabolism
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
n. fenilquetonuria, trastorno metabólico genético que puede causar una deficiencia mental.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
phenylketonuria (PKU)n fenilcetonuria
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.