58) At Mashunka Mountain, by contrast, vigilante bands were organized within local communities by isigodi (wards) and izinduna (headmen).
They also used their moral authority to browbeat chiefs and izinduna into organizing peace meetings.
A handful of senior izinduna, who commanded respect through force of personality, were perhaps the most important mediators.
Eight izinduna were murdered on Mashunka Mountain in four years.
Such fine-grained moral sensibilities posed particular difficulties for izinduna, who were expected to mediate disputes and judge cases brought before them.
We also drew to the attention of the minister budget pressures presented by the payment to Izinduna
amounting to millions of rands excluding the salary backpay estimated to be over R1 billion.
The traditional authority of the Zulu king was incorporated into a chain of authority that reached from the British governor, through the minister for native affairs, secretary and under-secretary for native affairs and magistrates to the amakhosi, the izinduna
(headmen) and imindeni (extended families).
President Jacob Zuma today, 06 March 2016, met with KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) Izinduna in Durban to discuss, amongst others, the long-standing issue of their remuneration.
Izinduna had raised concerns about the proclamation determining the salaries of Izinduna which was approved by the President following recommendations by the Commission on the Remuneration of Public Office Bearers, as they had not been paid by the provincial government.
The meeting today discussed this matter and agreed that Izinduna should be recognised for the work that they do in their traditional communities.
On that occasion he and his wife Mphumi were given fiver water to drink and told that the chief would not attend, but might send one of his izinduna
(or lieutenants), who never showed up.
We salute about 25 Amakhosi and Izinduna
, who were also banished to St Helena for their participation in the revolt against poll tax the Bhambatha Rebellion in 1907.