Jacobin


Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Jacobin: Girondists

Jac·o·bin

 (jăk′ə-bĭn)
n.
1. A radical or extreme leftist.
2. A radical republican during the French Revolution.
3. A Dominican friar.

[Middle English, Dominican friar, from French, from Old French (frere) jacobin (translation of Medieval Latin (frāter) Iacōbīnus, Jacobinic brother, from Iacōbus, James, after the church of Saint Jacques in Paris, near which the friars built their first convent). Sense 2, from the fact that the Jacobins first met in the convent.]

Jac′o·bin′ic, Jac′o·bin′i·cal adj.
Jac′o·bin·ism n.
Jac′o·bin·ize′ (-bĭ-nīz′) v.

Jacobin

(ˈdʒækəbɪn)
n
1. (Historical Terms) a member of the most radical club founded during the French Revolution, which overthrew the Girondists in 1793 and, led by Robespierre, instituted the Reign of Terror
2. a leftist or extreme political radical
3. (Roman Catholic Church) a French Dominican friar
4. (Breeds) (sometimes not capital) a variety of fancy pigeon with a hood of feathers swept up over and around the head
adj
(Historical Terms) of, characteristic of, or relating to the Jacobins or their policies
[C14: from Old French, from Medieval Latin Jacōbīnus, from Late Latin Jacōbus James; applied to the Dominicans, from the proximity of the church of St Jacques (St James) to their first convent in Paris; the political club originally met in the convent in 1789]
ˌJacoˈbinic, ˌJacoˈbinical adj
ˌJacoˈbinically adv
ˈJacobinism n

Jac•o•bin

(ˈdʒæk ə bɪn)

n.
1. (in the French Revolution) a member of a radical political club that instituted the Reign of Terror.
2. an extreme radical, esp. in politics.
3. a Dominican friar.
[1275–1325; (definition 3) Middle English Jacobin < Old French (frere) jacobin < Medieval Latin (frater) Jacōbīnus, after the church of Saint-Jacques in Paris, near where a Dominican convent was built (the same locale was a meeting place for the political club)]
Jac`o•bin′ic, Jac`o•bin′i•cal, adj.
Jac′o•bin•ism, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Jacobin - a member of the radical movement that instituted the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution
terrorist - a radical who employs terror as a political weapon; usually organizes with other terrorists in small cells; often uses religion as a cover for terrorist activities
Translations

Jacobin

[ˈdʒækəbɪn]
A. ADJjacobino
B. Njacobino/a m/f
References in classic literature ?
Madame Defarge returned to her counter to get the wine, and, as he took up a Jacobin journal and feigned to pore over it puzzling out its meaning, he heard her say, "I swear to you, like Evremonde!"
After a silence of a few moments, during which they all looked towards him without disturbing his outward attention from the Jacobin editor, they resumed their conversation.
The vicomte who was meeting him for the first time saw clearly that this young Jacobin was not so terrible as his words suggested.
But if we were a Republic - you know I am an old Jacobin, sans-culotte and terrorist - if this were a real Republic with the Convention sitting and a Committee of Public Safety attending to national business, you would all get your heads cut off.
The Jacobin has the feathers so much reversed along the back of the neck that they form a hood, and it has, proportionally to its size, much elongated wing and tail feathers.
[Quatrain composed for the gates of a market to he erected upon the site of the Jacobin Club House at Paris.]
Noirtier de Villefort, one of the most fiery Jacobins of the French Revolution; that is to say, he had the most remarkable audacity, seconded by a most powerful organization -- a man who has not, perhaps, like yourself seen all the kingdoms of the earth, but who has helped to overturn one of the greatest; in fact, a man who believed himself, like you, one of the envoys, not of God, but of a supreme being; not of providence, but of fate.
I knew many French gentlemen during our war, and they all appeared to me to be men of great humanity and goodness of heart; but these Jacobins are as blood thirsty as bull-dogs.”
“Yes, sir,” returned Marmaduke, “the Jacobins of France seem rushing from one act of licentiousness to an other, They continue those murders which are dignified by the name of executions.
Not the Jacobin English philosopher Bacon, but the modern British painter Bacon (1909-92) is international literature and art critic Peppiatt's biographee.
In her own terms, she delineates the basically Jacobin politics that flowed from it, but she leaves hanging the indictment filed by a long line of conservative critics, most recently and effectively M.
A new assessment of the Lyon revolt against Jacobin Paris in 1793 has been badly overdue and is now supplied in this superb book by W.