Articles in this seventh volume include industrial trades and crafts, infant mortality, inundation, Islam, Jacobinism
, Jewish literature, juridification, keyboard music, knowledge systems beyond Europe, the labor movement, land transport, and the theory of language.
Ideologies such as Jacobinism
and Communism--and, as Jordan B.
Infected with Jacobinism
, Louisianans were, according to Federalists such as Timothy Pickering, "incapable of performing duties or enjoying the blessings of a free government." (36) Moreover, and more locally, New England Federalists knew that the interests of slaveholding Louisianans ran counter to their own.
Burke thought of society as entailing a "trusteeship" that connected the living, the dead, and the yet to be born, and although adamantly opposed to Jacobinism
, he didn't see the Enlightenment in toto as an expression of satanic hubris.
Let's not make the mistake of imposing French Jacobinism
on our neighbours.
No less a personage than George Washington made it clear in a letter written in 1798 that he believed the spirit of Jacobinism
and the Illuminati still existed--which would mean that he believed that they were in existence to bring on the French Revolution in 1789.
Because American liberalism never faced the ideological challenges of Europe from the right (monarchism) or the left (Jacobinism
), Hartz worried that it contained a "deep and unwritten tyrannical compulsion." It made us at once "excessively optimistic or utopian" but also "counter-revolutionary or reactionary" and fostered in us "a special kind of pretentiousness or arrogance." We've seen the international manifestations of this liberal militarism since 9/11 in our perpetual wars for perpetual peace.
During the election campaign of 1800, he charged the Democratic-Republicans with seeking to import "Revolution after the manner of Buonaparte." (12) In 1802, he denounced two entire congressional districts in New York for being "absorbed in Jacobinism
." (13) In 1803, he denounced a pending New York Assembly bill to expand suffrage rights as "a jacobin scheme, and averred that property was unsafe where republicans ruled." (14) The immigrant "threat" always lurked behind these charged attacks, whether Hamilton was invoking the Reign of Terror from a decade earlier and a continent away or assailing democratization of the franchise.
A preference for judicial Jacobinism
would, indeed, put him outside the mainstream.
The mid-novel choice to figure Caleb as a sort of Lovelace, then, can be seen as slyly coop ting and undermining existing conservative rhetoric of jacobinism
as a force for mere brutal violation, presenting a firsthand view of the "raptures" and ecstasies of the seducer's pursuit in terms that tend (as Richardson himself had found, to his consternation) to engage an audience's sympathy in spite of themselves.
Some of the mob violence against captured soldiers portends a Jacobinism
that would jeopardize all remaining due-process protections in Turkey.
(79) Nineteenth-century Jacobinism
, or "sectarian liberalism," was a totalitarian, thoroughgoing monism that sought to make everything subject to the State and render the public sphere devoid of any religion.