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A supporter of James II of England or of the Stuart pretenders after 1688.

[From Latin Iacōbus, James; see Jacob.]

Jac′o·bit′i·cal (-bĭt′ĭ-kəl) adj.
Jac′o·bit·ism (-bī-tĭz′əm) n.
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The conservatism was closely connected, in fact, with his Romantic interest in the past, and in politics it took the form, theoretically, of Jacobitism, loyalty to the worthless Stuart race whose memory his novels have done so much to keep alive.
It is less well known in the legends of Jacobitism than Culloden, Glenfinnan, Eriskay or indeed Skye, with its romantic tales of Bonnie Prince Charlie on the run, the retired rector of Plockton High School recounts.
In his 'Postscript' to Waverley Scott indicates that the four significant Scottish virtues, namely, old Scottish faith, hospitality, worth and honour, have suffered a severe decline in modern times because of 'the destruction of the patriarchal power of the Highland chiefs', 'the abolition of the heritable jurisdictions of the Lowland nobility and barons', 'the total eradication of the Jacobite party', and 'the influx of wealth, and extension of commerce' particularly after the demise of Jacobitism in 1746.
Jager contends that Scott transforms Jacobitism from an emblem of hope (to which the Stuart monarchy and the old religious ways will return) into a historical phenomenon indicative of how far into modernity Scotland has advanced.
Although conversant with the historiographical literature, Jacqueline Riding does not get bogged down in the scholarly debate over the nature and extent of Jacobitism, but instead draws extensively upon the personal and published writings of those involved in the 1745-1746 rebellion and those who observed it from near and afar.
Catholic Stuart king as the King of Three Kingdoms, and Jacobitism was
The Battle of Culloden marked the end of Jacobitism as a serious political movement.
It is uncertain, and probably unlikely, that Jennens's non-juror (country Tory) politics ever toppled over into seditious Jacobitism (p.
Also note Trimingham, Christianity, 193-94, for "Jacobitism" at al-sira.
Nelson's summary, in turn, places the colonists even to the right of 1775 Tories, "drifting perilously close to Jacobitism" (p.
However, because he became of age when doubts about the security of the Hanoverian succession were put to bed (he was seventeenth when George II ascended the throne in 1727), he concluded instead that it was in the future interest of the Catholic population to recognize that succession if it was to escape the reduced and dependent position into which it had been consigned by military defeat in the 1690s and by the political eclipse of Jacobitism in the first half of the eighteenth century.
On the other a wretched engraving of The Chevalier de Saint George, or as he was styled in the label attached to the portrait, James the Third, raised a suspicion that the inmate of the house was not altogether free from some tincture of Jacobitism. Beneath these prints, a cluster of hobnails, driven into the wall formed certain letters which if properly deciphered, produced the words "Paul Groves, cobbler" and under the name, traced in charcoal appeared the following record of the poor fellow's fate, 'Hung himself in this rum for luv off licker,' accompanied by a graphic sketch of the unhappy suicide dangling from a beam...