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1. The uprising of the French peasants against the nobility in 1358.
2. jacquerie A peasant revolt, especially a very bloody one.

[French, from Old French jacquerie, peasantry, from jacques, peasant; see jacket.]


(Historical Terms) the revolt of the N French peasants against the nobility in 1358
[C16: from Old French: the peasantry, from jacque a peasant, from Jacques James, from Late Latin Jacōbus]


(ˌʒɑ kəˈri, ˌʒæk ə-)

1. the revolt of the peasants of N France against the nobles in 1358.
2. (l.c.) any peasant revolt.
[1520–30; < French, Middle French, =jaque(s) peasant + -rie -ry]


a revolt of peasants against the social classes above them.
See also: Conflict


1358 A French peasant revolt against the nobility.
References in classic literature ?
Look around and consider the Eves of all the world that we know, consider the faces of all the world that we know, consider the rage and discontent to which the Jacquerie addresses itself with more and more of certainty every hour.
They still piled the brushwood round the base of the tower, and gambolled hand in hand around the blaze, screaming out the doggerel lines which had long been the watchword of the Jacquerie: Cessez, cessez, gens d'armes et pietons, De piller et manger le bonhomme Qui de longtemps Jacques Bonhomme Se nomme.
Here opens the stormy period of the Jacqueries, Pragueries, and Leagues.
Avec l'adoption de la plate-forme de la Soummam, la Revolution s'est dotee d'une vision politique qui fit de l'action du FLN autre chose qu'une jacquerie sans lendemain.
In searching for historical parallels, Rioux goes back to the Jacquerie, a brief peasant revolt in the mid-14th century.
The aristocracy responded with both political violence (such as the suppression of the Jacquerie) and cultural strictures (such as sumptuary laws, governing dress codes for different classes).
The peasants are considered next, beginning with an examination of the jacquerie in 1358, followed by the conditions that led French peasants to construct souterrains refuges to fortify churches, as at Vitry, or to pay the exorbitant patis demanded of them by the various combatants.
Those bloody actions that V"iatrovych cannot simply disappear he interprets as cases of "Jacquerie," by which he means inflamed peasant passion and not deliberate, politically motivated ethnic cleansing (107, 116).