In late 1718, King Philip of Spain and his Prime Minister Giulio Alberoni joined with James Francis Edward Stuart
and the Duke of Ormonde of the Jacobites to fight a common enemy.
In 1715 he was captured and executed for treason for attempting to restore the exiled Stuart monarch James Francis Edward Stuart
'Old Pretender' to the throne.
James II spent the remainder of his life under the protection of King Louis XIV of France, but his son James Francis Edward Stuart
and grandson Charles Edward Stuart, the Young Pretender (Bonnie Prince Charlie) attempted to restore the Jacobite line.
Szechi's capacity for clear analysis of tangled loyalties extends to his study of the religious dimensions of the revolt, because the Jacobite cause in 1715 was more Protestant than it was Catholic, notwithstanding the Catholic faith of James Francis Edward Stuart
, the Old Pretender.
IF JAMES Francis Edward Stuart
had gained the throne he would have been the longest-serving English monarch ever, reigning from 1701 to his death in 1766.
Called the Old Pretender, James Francis Edward Stuart
(1688 - 1766), only son of James II.
The portraits of James Francis Edward Stuart
, known as The Old Pretender, and Maria Clementina Sobieska are valued at PS3,000-PS5,000.
These were supporters of James Francis Edward Stuart
- the Old Pretender - who sought to regain the throne his father James VII and II had surrendered during the Glorious Revolution of 1688.