James II


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James II

1633-1701.
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1685-1688). The last Stuart king to rule both England and Scotland, he was deposed by his Protestant daughter Mary (later, Mary II) and her husband, William of Orange.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

James II

n
1. (Biography) 1430–60, king of Scotland (1437–60), son of James I
2. (Biography) 1633–1701, king of England, Ireland, and, as James VII, of Scotland (1685–88); son of Charles I. His pro-Catholic sympathies and arbitrary rule caused the Whigs and Tories to unite in inviting his eldest surviving daughter, Mary, and her husband, William of Orange, to take the throne as joint monarchs. James was defeated at the Boyne (1690) when he attempted to regain the throne
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.James II - the last Stuart to be king of England and Ireland and ScotlandJames II - the last Stuart to be king of England and Ireland and Scotland; overthrown in 1688 (1633-1701)
Stuart - the royal family that ruled Scotland from 1371-1714 and ruled England from 1603 to 1649 and again from 1660 to 1714
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References in classic literature ?
James II, the bigoted successor of Charles the Voluptuous, had annulled the charters of all the colonies, and sent a harsh and unprincipled soldier to take away our liberties and endanger our religion.
And this number James II. increased to 30,000; who were paid out of his civil list.
After Charles I., Cromwell; after Cromwell, Charles II., and then James II., and then some son-in-law or relation, some Prince of Orange, a stadtholder who becomes a king.
The ring is thought to have belonged to Edward Colman, secretary of Mary of Modena, who was sisterin-law to King Charles II and wife to the future King James II.
Believed to date from between 1640 and 1680, it once belonged to a Catholic courtier of James II from Suffolk.
1690: William of Orange defeated the deposed Catholic King James II at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland.
However, had they had tried to do it in March, 1449, it would have been halted for a very different reason because this was the site of the royal jousting ground and in that year King James II was holding an elaborate and violent competition there.
1665: Queen Anne, last Stuart ruler, second daughter of James II, was born in London.
1688: King James II, the last Roman Catholic monarch, flees to France from William of Orange 1815: Emma, by Jane Austen, is first published 1823: The poem A Visit From St.
Lord Mountcashel: Irish General: Justin MacCarthy in the Service of James II and Louis XIV, 1673-1694
| 1664: The Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam was seized by the English and re-named New York, in honour of James, Duke of York, the future King James II.
This followed the departure of Catholic King James II, who was deposed in 1688.