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 (jăn′ĭ-sĕr′ē) also jan·i·zar·y (-zĕr′ē)
n. pl. jan·is·sar·ies
1. A soldier of the Ottoman Empire in an elite guard organized in the 1300s and abolished in 1826.
2. A member of a group of elite, highly loyal supporters.

[Middle French jehanicere, janissaire, from Old Italian giannizero, from Ottoman Turkish yeñiçeri, new army, Janissary corps : yañı, new (from Old Turkic yaŋı) + çeri, special troops (from Old Turkic çērig, phalanx, order of battle).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


A corps of elite but turbulent Turkish troops eventually suppressed with the loss of between 6000 and 10,000 lives in 1826 by Sultan Mahmud II.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
References in periodicals archive ?
Plucked from the Ottoman Empire's European lands, the famous Janissaries were once some of the Turkish sultans' fiercest warriors.
As for the recruitment of Janissaries -- boys taken from Christian families by force and made to serve in the elite troops of the Sultan -- after a certain period it was not done by force.
Haug observes that the Unsullied, Martin's brutalized slave-soldiers, bear some similarities to the mamluks and janissaries maintained by the Ottoman Empire, but does not pursue the point.
In a few more months, their crack troops of Janissaries storm
We have the US, Arab janissaries and a complicit EU on our side.
The historical truth is that centurions of Rome, janissaries of Turkey and Tonton Macoutes of Haiti have won and held more power over longer periods than officials freely elected by the people.
He joined the elite corps of the Ottoman army, the Janissaries as a young man, like his father did before him.
(He also sometimes conflates ranging and light infantry tactics, which were not always identical.) The Western-Near Eastern tradition of light infantry musketeers developed in earnest during the endemic warfare, between the Ottoman Turks, particularly the Janissaries, and the Spanish Habsburg's light infantry in the sixteenth-century Mediterranean theater.
Although the Janissaries proved useful in imposing central control over these, they too demanded greater political influence--occasionally declaring their own rule over imperial territory (such as Serbia in 1804) and even reducing the Sultan to being a 'subject to his own slaves' (as Osman II put it following defeat to Poland in 1622).
Over the centuries, the fortress turned into a prison used by the Janissaries (the elite infantry units that formed the Ottoman Sultan's household troops and bodyguards), and was also closed for a long time.
Of harems and sultans, or janissaries and revolts and power and empire?
If Lord of Janissaries sounds familiar, with its stories of a soldier and his men who are abandoned in hostile territory when aliens land, that's because this collection consists of three novels of military sci-fi classics presented under one cover.