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 (do͞o-bə-fā′, dü-bü-fĕ′), Jean 1901-1985.
French artist who championed art brut or "raw art," the work of untrained artists such as children, prisoners, or psychiatric patients with psychosis.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(French dybyfɛ)
(Biography) Jean (ʒɑ̃). 1901–85, French painter, inspired by graffiti and the untrained art of children and psychotics
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌdu bəˈfeɪ, ˌdyu-)

Jean (zhä n), 1901–85, French painter.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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As a young architect, he broke ranks with the great modernists with his radical idea of the "Joy of Space." As an engineer, he created the strength behind the beauty in mid-century modern skyscrapers, churches, museums, and he gave concrete form to the eccentric monumental sculptures of Pablo Picasso, Isamu Noguchi, and Jean Dubuffet.
Pace similarly offers secondary material, making its debut here with a show dedicated to Jean Dubuffet (Fig.
What name did Jean Dubuffet give to the art of schizophrenics and prisoners?
The Philippine-born, British-educated, Benedictine-reared and Harvard-trained Ossorio (1916-1990) is now seen to have held a critical place in United States modern art history, both as dilletante and patron to Pollock and other artists, and as an artist in his own right whose prodigious artmaking ranged from abstract expressionism to the Art Brut of Jean Dubuffet and much later, the Combines-like 'Congregations.'
[1.] For an overview of Dubuffet's portraits see Jean Dubuffet and Max Loreau, Catalogue des travaux de Jean Dubuffet, Fasc.
These efforts may be the last, ironically cheerful gasp of the postwar period's often lugubrious existential figuration " at its best in Jean Dubuffet's work, which Hockney admired.
At Art Miami, Novak will also be exhibiting a diverse collection of paintings, drawings, sculpture, and editioned works by other renown artists of Abstract Expressionism, Pop, and Photorealism, including Sam Francis, Jim Dine, Wayne Thiebaud, Robert Motherwell, Alexander Calder, Howard Hodgkin, Ralph Goings, Jean Dubuffet, Alex Katz, Saul Steinberg, Julian Opie, Paul Jenkins and others.
Also on sale were works by major international modern artists offered for the first time at auction in the Middle East: French artist and leading proponent of 'art brut', Jean Dubuffet, and Polish American art deco painter, Tamara de Lempicka.
In France it was championed by artist Jean Dubuffet who called it art brut (meaning rough or raw) - and David Bowie was a fan.
This negative, willfully paleo method of mark-making recalls the art brut of Jean Dubuffet, whom Sekula had met in Paris the previous year.