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Any of several nocturnal burrowing orthopteran insects of the subfamily Stenopelmatinae, especially Stenopelmatus fuscus of western North America, having a large round head and a striped abdomen. Also called potato bug.
[Perhaps from Jerusalem!, exclamation uttered upon encountering the large insect, or from partial translation during contact between the Navajo and Christian missionaries of Navajo ch'osh bich'ich l̷ichii', red-skull bug (in reference to the skull-like appearance of its head and the hill of Golgotha outside Jerusalem, whose name is said in the Bible (Mark 15:22) to mean place of a skull) .]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
a reddish brown cricket, Stenopelmatus fuscus, of arid areas in W North America, with a banded abdomen and short spiny legs.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||Jerusalem cricket - large wingless nocturnal grasshopper that burrows in loose soil along the Pacific coast of the United States|
long-horned grasshopper, tettigoniid - grasshoppers with long threadlike antennae and well-developed stridulating organs on the forewings of the male
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