Jerusalem cricket

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Jerusalem cricket

Any of several nocturnal burrowing orthopteran insects of the subfamily Stenopelmatinae, especially Stenopelmatus fuscus of western North America, having a large round head and a striped abdomen. Also called potato bug.

[Perhaps from Jerusalem!, exclamation uttered upon encountering the large insect, or from partial translation during contact between the Navajo and Christian missionaries of Navajo ch'osh bich'ich l̷ichii', red-skull bug (in reference to the skull-like appearance of its head and the hill of Golgotha outside Jerusalem, whose name is said in the Bible (Mark 15:22) to mean place of a skull) .]

Jeru′salem crick′et

a reddish brown cricket, Stenopelmatus fuscus, of arid areas in W North America, with a banded abdomen and short spiny legs.
[1945–50, Amer.]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Jerusalem cricket - large wingless nocturnal grasshopper that burrows in loose soil along the Pacific coast of the United States
long-horned grasshopper, tettigoniid - grasshoppers with long threadlike antennae and well-developed stridulating organs on the forewings of the male
References in periodicals archive ?
the joint of a Jerusalem cricket, skull bug, nina de la tierra
We present here such findings for a species of Jerusalem cricket (JC), a common name that we use to refer to any species in the genera Stenopelmatus Burmeister, Ammopelmatus Tinkham, Viscainopelmatus Tinkham, and Stenopelmatopterus Gorochov.
There is a species of Jerusalem cricket up there that we thought was just a common old Jerusalem cricket," says Scudder.
It is among five new species of bug found in the area, and are for the most part varieties of Jerusalem cricket, a six-legged wingless bug.
Jerusalem crickets are not known from Indio Mountains Research Station (Weissman, 2001).

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